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READ, Nathan



READ, Nathan, a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Warren, Mass., July 2, 1759; attended the common schools and was graduated from Harvard University in 1781; taught school in Beverly and Salem and was elected a tutor in Harvard University, where he continued until 1787; opened an apothecary store in Salem; interested in an iron factory at Danvers, Mass.; elected as a Federalist to the Sixth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Samuel Sewall; reelected to the Seventh Congress and served from November 25, 1800, to March 3, 1803; was not a candidate for renomination in 1802; judge of the court of common pleas of Essex County in 1803; moved to Belfast, Maine, in 1807; judge of the county court of Hancock County in 1807; instrumental in establishing Belfast Academy and served as trustee for forty years; died near Belfast, Waldo County, Maine, January 20, 1849; interment in Grove Cemetery, Belfast, Maine.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 documents.

Peabody Essex Museum

Salem, MA
Papers: 1709-1914. 3 feet. Correspondence relating to his inventions, patents, experiences as a Harvard tutor and operating an apothecary shop, duties as a judge, and political activities including those as U.S. Representative; invention papers; financial papers; personal papers, including legal, political, and religious writings, autobiography, and congressional materials; family papers. Correspondents include Manasseh Cutler, Benjamin Goodhue, Timothy Pickering, and Benjamin Pickman. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Read, David. Nathan Read: His invention of the multi-tubular boiler and portable high-pressure engine, and discovery of the true mode of applying steam-power to navigation and railways. A contribution to the early history of the steamboat and locomotive engine. By his friend and nephew, David Read. New York: Hurd and Houghton, 1870.

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