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PUGH, James Lawrence

1820–1907

Biography

PUGH, James Lawrence, a Representative and a Senator from Alabama; born in Burke County, Ga., December 12, 1820; moved with his parents to Alabama in 1824; pursued an academic course in Alabama and Georgia; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1841 and commenced practice in Eufaula, Ala.; also engaged in agricultural pursuits; Democratic presidential elector in 1848, 1856, and 1876; elected to the Thirty-sixth Congress and served from March 4, 1859, to January 21, 1861, when he withdrew; during the Civil War joined the Eufaula Rifles, First Alabama Regiment, as a private; elected to the Confederate Congress in 1861 and reelected in 1863; after the war resumed the practice of law; member of the convention that framed the State constitution in 1875; presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1876; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term ending March 2, 1885, caused by the death of George S. Houston; reelected in 1884 and 1890 and served from November 24, 1880, to March 3, 1897; was not a candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on the Judiciary (Fifty-third Congress), Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Fifty-fourth Congress); retired from active business and resided in Washington, D.C., until his death there on March 9, 1907; interment in the Fairview Cemetery, Eufaula, Barbour County, Ala.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: 1860-1946. 1 folder. Biographical sketch, genealogical material, correspondence, newspaper clippings, and printed matter.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Alabama governor's appointments files, 1882-1886; and Robert McKee papers, 1861-1899.

Auburn University

Auburn, AL
Papers: 1888-1912. 10 items. Chiefly scrapbooks (3 volumes) containing clippings on Pugh's career and other papers; together with letters, biographical material, and reminiscences. Includes speech on the 54th Congress (1895-1896). Finding aid.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: In Confederacy-Committee on Military Affairs, proceedings of Committee on Military Affairs of Confederate House of Representatives, February 26, 1862-March 16, 1865. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: No date. 1 item.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Watson, Elbert L. "James Lawrence Pugh." In Alabama United States Senators, pp. 88-90. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1982.

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