PICKENS, Francis Wilkinson

1805–1869

Biography

PICKENS, Francis Wilkinson, (grandson of Andrew Pickens), a Representative from South Carolina; born on a plantation on the Toogoodoo River, St. Paul's Parish, Colleton District, S.C., April 7, 1805; completed preparatory studies; attended Franklin College, Athens, Ga., and was graduated from South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Edgefield District in 1829; engaged in planting; member of the state house of representatives 1832-1833; elected as a Nullifier to the Twenty-third Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of George McDuffie; reelected as a Nullifier to the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Congresses and elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses and served from December 8, 1834, to March 3, 1843; chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs (Twenty-sixth Congress); member of the state senate 1844-1846; member of the Nashville southern convention in 1850; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1856; unsuccessful candidate for the United States Senate in 1857 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Andrew P. Butler; Minister to Russia 1858-1860; governor of South Carolina 1860-1862; died in Edgefield, Edgefield County, S.C., January 25, 1869; interment in Edgefield Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Clemson University

Clemson, SC
Papers: More than 10 items in the John Caldwell Calhoun papers, 1784-1888. 6 feet (ca. 3,000 items). Index to correspondents in library. Open under library restrictions.

Duke University Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1798-1900. 440 items and 1 volume. Political and personal correspondence and one volume of plantation records. Card index in library.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: 1832-1834. 22 items. Letters received concerning nullification and militia matters.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In papers of Francis W. Pickens and Milledge L. Bonham, 1837-1920. 3 containers. Chiefly relate to governorship and Civil War. Also on microfilm (2 reels).

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1837-1861. 9 letters. Personal and official correspondence. Finding aid in repository.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: In Evander McIvor Law collection, 1860-1864. 479 items (microfilm). Includes official gubernatorial correspondence.
Papers: In Pickens and Dugas family papers, 1800-1889. 160 items including 1 volume. Includes scattered personal and family correspondence. Unpublished description in library.

University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library

Columbia, SC
Papers: 1834-1899, 1929. 106 items and 5 volumes. In Pickens family papers, 1781-1929. 284 items. Includes scrapbooks and account books. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Edmunds, John B., Jr. Francis W. Pickens and the Politics of Destruction. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

Pickens, Francis W. Oration Delivered Before the Euphradian and Clariosophic Societies, on the Influence of Government Upon the Nature and Destiny of Man. Columbia, S.C.: Press of Gibbes and Johnston, 1855.

------. Speech of the Hon. Francis W. Pickens, of South Carolina, Delivered in the House of Representatives, on the 23rd of May, 1836. Washington: Printed by D. Green, 1836.

------. Speech of Hon. F. W. Pickens, Delivered Before a Public Meeting of the People of the District, held at Edgefield C.H., S.C., July 7, 1851. Edgefield, S.C.: Printed at the Advertiser Office, 1851.

------. Speech of Hon. F. W. Pickens, of South Carolina, on the Bill to Distribute the Proceeds of the Public Lands Among the States. Washington: N.p., 1841.

------. Speech of Mr. F. W. Pickens of South Carolina, on the Two Per Cent. Fund, the Cumberland Road, and the Power of the Government to Make Internal Improvements. Washington: Printed by Blair and Rives, 1840.

------. Speech of Mr. Pickens, of South Carolina, in the House of Representatives, January 21, 1836, on the Abolition Question. Washington: Printed by Gales and Seaton, 1836.

Youmans, Le Roy F. A Sketch of the Life and Services of Francis W. Pickens, of South Carolina. Charleston, S.C.: New Job Presses, 187-[?].

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