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PHELPS, Oliver



PHELPS, Oliver, a Representative from New York; born in Poquonock, Hartford County, Conn., October 21, 1749; completed preparatory studies; engaged in mercantile pursuits in Granville, Mass., in 1770; during the Revolution was deputy commissary in the Continental Army and served until the end of the war; settled in Suffield, Mass.; member of the Massachusetts state house of representatives 1778-1780; member of the constitutional convention in 1779 and 1780; served in the Massachusetts state senate in 1785; member of the Governor's council in 1786; assisted in the organization of the Phelps &Gorham syndicate in 1788 and acted as the representative of that company in the exploration of the Genesee country in western New York; first judge of Ontario County, N.Y., 1789-1793; moved to Canandaigua, N.Y., in 1802; elected as a Republican to the Eighth Congress (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1805); unsuccessful candidate for lieutenant governor of New York in 1804; died on February 21, 1809, in Canandaigua, N.Y.; interment in Pioneer Cemetery, Canandaigua, N.Y.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 3 items.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 22 letters (1795-1800) in the DeWitt Clinton collection. Personal business correspondence, including some drafts. Finding aid in repository.

Detroit Public Library
Burton Historical Collection

Detroit, MI
Papers: In Phelps family papers, 1781-1946. 2 boxes.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1797. 1 letter.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections

Albany, NY
Papers: In the In Phelps Family Papers, ca. 1776-1893, approximately 100 cubic feet. The papers include correspondence, financial records, legal documents related to all facets of Oliver Phelps's career in business, land investment, government, and politics. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.

Ontario County Historical Society

Canandaigua, NY
Papers: In papers of Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham, 1784-1818. 200 items. Correspondence, legal documents, and other papers relating to land grants and sales. Restricted.

Princeton University Libraries

Princeton, NJ
Papers: In Walter Hubbell papers, 1788-1848. ca. 10,000 items.

Western Reserve Historical Society

Cleveland, OH
Papers: In Phelps family papers, 1792-1879. ca. 2 feet. Primarily concerning land investments. Unpublished register in repository.
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