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PEPPER, Claude Denson

PEPPER, Claude Denson
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object


PEPPER, Claude Denson, a Senator and a Representative from Florida; born on a farm near Dudleyville, Chambers County, Ala., September 8, 1900; attended the public schools of Camp Hill, Ala.; taught school in Dothan, Ala., and worked in a steel mill in Ensley, Ala., before attending college; served in Students Army Training Corps, University of Alabama, in 1918; graduated from the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa in 1921 and from the law department of Harvard University in 1924; taught law in the University of Arkansas in 1924 and 1925; admitted to the bar in 1925 and commenced practice in Perry, Fla.; member of the State house of representatives in 1929 and 1930; moved to Tallahassee, Fla., in 1930 and continued the practice of law; served on the State board of public welfare in 1931 and 1932; member of the State board of law examiners in 1933; elected on November 3, 1936, as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Duncan U. Fletcher; reelected in 1938 and 1944 and served from November 4, 1936, to January 3, 1951; chairman, Committee on Patents (Seventy-eighth and Seventy-ninth Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1950 and for nomination in 1958; engaged in the practice of law at Miami Beach, Coral Gables, and Tallahassee, Fla., and in Washington, D.C.; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-eighth and to the thirteen succeeding Congresses, and served from January 3, 1963, until his death; chairman, Select Committee on Crime (Ninety-first through Ninety-sixth Congresses), Select Committee on Aging (Ninety-fifth through Ninety-seventh Congress), Committee on Rules (Ninety-eighth through One Hundred First Congresses); awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on May 26, 1989; died in Washington, D.C., on May 30, 1989; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, June 1-2, 1989; interment in Oakland Cemetery, Tallahasse, Fla.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: Correspondence in Virginia Foster Durr papers, 1904-1983; and Clifford J. Durr papers, 1899-1976.

Columbia University
Oral History Project

New York, NY
Oral History: 61 pages. In Social Security collection.

Florida Bureau of Archives and Records Management

Tallahassee, FL
Papers: Correspondence in D. Robert Graham papers, 1963-1968. Finding aid.

Florida State University
Mildred and Claude Pepper Library

Tallahassee, FL
Papers: 1915 -1993. Ca. 1200 linear feet. Official and personal papers documenting his personal life and career in the Florida House of Representatives (1929-1930), the U.S. Senate (1937-1950), and the U.S. House of Representatives (1963-1989). Official papers include campaign material, correspondence, speeches, legislative files, committee files, clippings, trip material, photographs, recordings, books, and memorabilia from Senate and House careers. Topics include age discrimination, civil rights, foreign policy, foreign relations during World War II, and social security. Personal papers include those of Claude Pepper, Mildred Pepper, and the Pepper/Webster family papers. Finding aid available on-line. Senate speeches available on-line through the Pepper Online Archival Retrieval and Information System (POLARIS).

University of Arkansas
Special Collections

Fayetteville, AR
Papers: Correspondence in Hattie Caraway papers, ca. 1884-1950. Finding aid.

University of Florida
P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History

Gainesville, FL
Papers: 1948-1958. 1 foot. Scrapbooks of clippings relating to Pepper in the period 1948-1952, and to his unsuccessful 1958 primary campaign against Spessard L. Holland. Also correspondence in Florida Bandmaster's Association records, 1921-1974. Finding aid.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department

Iowa City, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Calvin Benham Baldwin papers, 1933-1975. Finding aid.

University of Maryland
McKeldin Library

College Park, MD
Papers: Correspondence in Cigar Makers International Union of America records, 1864-1974. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949. Finding aid.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Francis Pickens Miller papers, 1885-1971. Finding aid.

University of West Florida

Pensacola, FL
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Clark, James C. "Claude Pepper and the Seeds of His 1950 Defeat, 1944-1948." Florida Historical Quarterly 74 (Summer 1995): 1-22.

Danese, Tracy E. Claude Pepper and Ed Ball: Politics, Purpose, and Power. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000.

Halamandaris, Val J. "Claude D. Pepper." In Profiles in Caring: Advocates for the Elderly, pp. 3-42. Washington: Caring Publishing, 1991.

Kabat, Ric A. "From Camp Hill to Harvard Yard: The Early Years of Claude D. Pepper." Florida Historical Quarterly 72 (October 1993): 153-79.

___. "From New Deal to Red Scare: The Political Odyssey of Senator Claude Pepper, 1936-1950. Ph.D. dissertation, Florida State University, 1994.

Lichtenstein, Alex. "In the Shade of the Lenin Oak: 'Colonel' Raymond Robins, Senator Claude Pepper, and the Cold War." American Communist History 3 (2004): 185-214.

Paterson, Thomas G. "The Dissent of Senator Claude Pepper." In Cold War Critics: Alternatives to American Foreign Policy in the Truman Years, edited by Thomas G. Paterson, pp. 114-39. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1971.

Pepper, Claude D. Ask Claude Pepper. Garden City, NY: Doubleday Co., 1984.

___. "A Foreign Policy to Win the War, Keep the Peace, and Promote the Welfare of Our Nation and the World." Foreign Policy Reports 20 (October 1, 1944): 167-76.

___. "Observations on the Policy of the Bricker Amendment." University of Florida Law Review 7 (Spring 1954): 58-67.

Pepper, Claude D., with Hays Gorey. Pepper, Eyewitness to a Century. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1987.

Stoesen, Alexander R. "Claude Pepper and the Florida Canal Controversy, 1939-1943." Florida Historical Quarterly 50 (January 1972): 235-51.

___. "Road from Receivership: Claude Pepper, the duPont Trust, and the Florida East Coast Railway." Florida Historical Quarterly 52 (October 1973): 132-56.

___. "The Senatorial Career of Claude D. Pepper." Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1965.

Swint, Kerwin C. "Homo Sapiens, Thespians, and Extroverts," in Mudslingers: The Top 25 Negative Political Campaigns of All Time. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2006: 47-54.

U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States, Together with Tributes Presented in Eulogy of Claude Denson Pepper, Late a Representative from Florida. 101st Cong., 1st sess., 1989. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1990.

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