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NICHOLS, William Flynt

NICHOLS, William Flynt
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1918–1988

Biography

NICHOLS, William Flynt, a Representative from Alabama; born on a small farm in Monroe County, near Becker, Miss., October 16, 1918; graduated from Sylacauga High School, Sylacauga, Ala., in 1935; B.S., Auburn University, 1939, and a master's degree in 1941; entered military service in 1942, served five years in European Theater, wounded in battle of Hurtgen Forest, Germany, November 30, 1944; retired in 1947 with rank of captain; awarded Bronze Star and Purple Heart; vice president, Parker Fertilizer Company, and, president, Parker Gin Company, Sylacauga, Ala., 1947-1966; member, Alabama house of representatives, 1959; elected to Alabama senate in 1963; elected as a Democrat to the Ninetieth and to the ten succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1967, until his death in Washington, D.C., on December 13, 1988; had been reelected to the One Hundred First Congress: interment in Marble City Cemetery, Sylacauga, Ala.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Auburn University
Auburn Special Collections

Auburn, AL
Papers: 1935-1988, 370 cubic feet. The papers of William "Bill" Nichols cover his legislative career but also include family correspondence dating back to his years at Alabama Polytechnic Institute and military service during the Second World War. They document the concerns and attitudes of a conservative southern Democrat for the period in question. Nichols concerned himself with such compelling issues of the era as gun control, abortion, and the Vietnam War. At the same time, he was attentive to the needs of his constituents and won re-election with little opposition. Composed of many different types of material, the Nichols Collection contains a great wealth of information dealing with the congressman's legislative activities in the Alabama House and Senate (1959-1966) and in the U.S. House of Representatives (1967-1988). Newspaper clippings, pamphlets, brochures, constituency correspondence, photographs, negatives, financial records, postcards, telegrams, legislative and committee files, scrapbooks (two microfilmed reels), audiocassettes, videotapes, speeches, press releases, questionnaires, and newsletters are all represented in the Nichols Papers. Numerous photographs are of Nichols with unidentified constituents. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In Alabama Farm Bureau Federation Records, 1922-1980. ca. 47 cubic feet (1 foot congressional correspondence). Correspondence between congressmen and Farm Bureau officials concerning current legislation. Finding aid in repository. Restricted.
Oral History: 1970-1988. 400 pages. Interviews cover former Congressman Bill Nichols's entire life, including his military service, career in the Alabama legislature, and time in the United States Congress.

University of Oklahoma
The Julian P. Kanter Political Commercial Archive, Department of Communication

Norman, OK
Videocassette: 1986, 2 commercials on 1 videocassette. The commercials were used during William F. Nichols' campaign for the 1986 U.S. congressional election in District 3 of Alabama, Democratic Party.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Ralph Nader Congress Project. Citizens Look at Congress: William Nichols, Democratic Representative from Alabama. Washington, D. C.: Grossman Publishers, 1972.

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