MCKINLEY, William, Jr.

McKINLEY, William, Jr.
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object


McKINLEY, William, Jr., a Representative from Ohio and 25th President of the United States; born in Niles, Ohio, January 29, 1843; attended the public schools, Poland Academy, and Allegheny College; teacher; served in the Union Army, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865; lawyer, private practice; prosecuting attorney of Stark County, Ohio, 1869-1871; elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth and to the two succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1877-March 3, 1883); chair, Committee on Revision of the Laws (Forty-seventh Congress); presented credentials as a Member-elect to the Forty-eighth Congress and served from March 4, 1883, until May 27, 1884, when he was succeeded by Jonathan H. Wallace, who successfully contested his election; again elected to the Forty-ninth and to the two succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1885-March 3, 1891); chair, Committee on Ways and Means (Fifty-first Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress; delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1884, 1888, and 1892; Governor of Ohio 1891-1896; President of the United States 1897-1901; shot by an assassin in Buffalo, N.Y., on September 6, 1901; died in Buffalo, N.Y., on September 14, 1901; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, September 17, 1901; interment in the McKinley Monument (adjacent to West Lawn Cemetery), Canton, Ohio.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

[ Top ]

External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 3 items.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1 volume of letters (n.d.) in the Nicholas Murray Butler papers.

Duke University

Durham, NC
Papers: In U.S. Presidents' papers, 1753-1935. 202 items. Card index in library.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1847-1902. 424 containers. Correspondence, speeches, messages, scrapbooks, and some records kept at the time of his assassination. Published index. Also on microfilm (98 reels).

Mansfield-Richland County Public Library

Mansfield, OH
Papers: Correspondence in the John Sherman papers, 1839-1921. 46 items.

Navarre-Bethlehem Township Historical Society Archives

Navarre, OH
Papers: Records and papers regarding his law practice in Navarre, beginning 1869.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: Official correspondence (May 16, 1893; January 23, 1895), letter (1898?), and engraved portrait (n.d.). Finding aid in repository.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1892-1896. ca. 3 feet. Gubernatorial papers and correspondence. Inventory in repository.
Papers: 1898-1902. 1 1/2 feet. Copies of originals in Rutherford B. Hayes Library.

Rutherford B. Hayes Library

Fremont, OH
Papers: 1898-1902. 7 volumes of telegrams (transcripts).

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department

Iowa City, IA
Papers: 1897-1901. 98 reels of microfilm. Originals in Library of Congress.

Western Reserve Historical Society

Cleveland, OH
Papers: 1850-1917. ca. 7 feet. Correspondence, speeches, financial papers, clippings, and photographs relating to his political career and military service. Unpublished register in repository.
Papers: In Myron Timothy Herrick papers, ca. 1827-1935. ca. 17 feet. Includes correspondence (1889-1906) from Ida and William McKinley. Unpublished register in library. Restricted.
[ Top ]

Bibliography / Further Reading

Clay, Henry. Works of Henry Clay, comprising his life, correspondence, and speeches. Edited by Calvin Colton, with an introduction by Thomas B. Reed and a history of tariff legislation from 1812 to 1896. New York: Henry Clay Pub. Co., 1897.

Collins, David R. William McKinley, 25th President of the United States. Ada, Okla.: Garrett Educational Corp., 1990.

Doak, Robin S. William McKinley. Minneapolis: Compass Point Books, 2004.

Feinstein, Stephen. William McKinley. Berkeley Heights, N.J.: Books, 2002.

Glad, Paul W. McKinley, Bryan, and the People. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1964. Reprint, Chicago: I.R. Dee, Publisher, 1991.

Gould, Lewis L. The Presidency of William McKinley. Lawrence: Regents Press of Kansas, 1980.

------. The Spanish-American War and President McKinley. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 1982.

------. "William McKinley and the Expansion of Presidential Power." Ohio History 87 (Winter 1978): 5-20.

Halstead, Murat. The Illustrious Life of William McKinley, Our Martyred President. Chicago: N.p., 1901.

Hewes, Fletcher W. and William McKinley, Jr. What are the facts? Protection and reciprocity illustrated. Questions of to-day answered in one hundred graphic studies ... New York: H. F. Clark, [1892].

Higgins, Eva. William McKinley: An Inspiring Biography. Canton, Ohio: Daring Pub. Group, 1989.

Hoyt, Edwin Palmer. William McKinley. Chicago: Reilly & Lee Co., [1967].

Joseph, Paul. William McKinley. Edina, Minn.: ABDO Pub., 2002.

Kent, Zachary. William McKinley: Twenty-fifth President of the United States. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1988.

Klingel, Cynthia Fitterer and Robert B. Noyed. William McKinley: Our Twenty-fifth President. Chanhassen, Minn.: Child's World, 2002.

Leech, Margaret. In The Days of McKinley. New York: Harper, 1959.

McClure, Alexander K., and Charles Morris. The Authentic Life of William McKinley... Together with a Life Sketch of Theodore Roosevelt. Philadelphia: N.p., 1901.

McKinley, William. Address of President McKinley, at the dedication of the Grant Monument, New York, April 27, 1897. Washington: N.p., 1897.

------. The duty on tinplate: From a speech by the Hon. William McKinley, Jr., of Ohio, in the House of Representatives, May 7, 1890. Philadelphia: The American Iron and Steel Association, [1890].

------. The last speech of William McKinley, president of the United States delivered at Buffalo, New York, September 5, 1901, also extracts from other speeches. Cambridge: Printed at The University Press, 1901.

------. McKinley's tariff truths. Boston: Home Market Club, 1896.

------. President McKinley's last and greatest speech: Outlining his masterly and statesmanlike policy for the American nation: And President Roosevelt's proclamation of that speech as the policy of his administration. New York: Winthrop Press, 1901.

------. The president's letter accepting the nomination of the Republican Party. [Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1900].

------. Restoration of duty on imported wool. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

------. Speech of Hon. William McKinley, Jr., at Mount Vernon, Ohio, Saturday afternoon, August 18, 1883. [N.p., 1883?]

------. Speeches and addresses of William McKinley, from March 1, 1897 to May 30, 1900. New York: Doubleday & McClure Co., 1900.

------. The tariff; a review of the tariff legislation of the United States from 1812 to 1896. New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1904.

------. The tariff. Speech of Hon. William McKinley, Jr., of Ohio, in the House of Representatives, Wednesday, April 30, 1884. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1884.

------. The tariff in the days of Henry Clay, and since. An exhaustive review of our tariff legislation from 1812 to 1896. New York: Henry Clay Publishing Co., 1896.

Morgan, Howard W. "The Congressional Career of William McKinley." Ph.D. diss., University of California at Los Angeles, 1960.

------. "Governor McKinley's Misfortune: The Walker-McKinley Fund of 1893." Ohio Historical Quarterly 69 (April 1960): 103-20.

------. William McKinley and His America. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1963.

------. "William McKinley and the Tariff." Ohio History 74 (Autumn 1965): 215-31.

------. "William McKinley as a Political Leader." Review of Politics 28 (October 1966): 417-32.

Morgan, H. Wayne, ed. "A Civil War Diary of William McKinley." Ohio Historical Quarterly 69 (July 1960): 272-90.

Ohio. Governor (1892-1896: McKinley). Messages and proclamations of Gov. Wm. McKinley, 1892-1896. [Columbus?: N.p., 1896?]

Olcott, Charles S. The Life of William McKinley. 2 Vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1916.

Phillips, Kevin P. William McKinley. New York: Times Books, 2003.

Riehecky, Janet. William McKinley. New York: Children's Press, 2004.

Sievers, Harry Joseph, comp. William McKinley, 1843-1901; chronology, documents, bibliographical aids. Edited by Harry J. Sievers. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, 1970.

Spielman, William C. William McKinley, Stalwart Republican; A Biographical Study. New York: Exposition Press, 1954.

West, Henry L. "William McKinley." Forum 32 (October 1901): 131-37.

[ Top ]

Committee Assignments

  • House Committee - Ways and Means - Chair
[ Top ]