MCGOVERN, George Stanley

1922–2012

Biography

McGOVERN, George Stanley, a Representative and a Senator from South Dakota; born in Avon, Bon Homme County, S.Dak., July 19, 1922; attended the public schools of Mitchell, S.Dak., and Dakota Wesleyan University, 1940-1942; enlisted in the United States Army Air Corps in June 1942, flew combat missions in the European Theater, and was discharged from the service in July 1945; returned to Dakota Wesleyan University and graduated in 1946; held teaching assistantship and fellowship at Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., 1948-1950, receiving his Ph.D. from that university in 1953; professor of history and government at Dakota Wesleyan University 1950-1953; executive secretary of South Dakota Democratic Party 1953-1956; member of Advisory Committee on Political Organization of Democratic National Committee 1954-1956; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-fifth and Eighty-sixth Congresses (January 3, 1957-January 3, 1961); was not a candidate for renomination in 1960, but was unsuccessful for election to the United States Senate; appointed special assistant to the President January 20, 1961, as director of the Food for Peace Program, and served until his resignation July 18, 1962, to become a candidate for the United States Senate; elected to the United States Senate in 1962; reelected in 1968 and 1974 and served from January 3, 1963, to January 3, 1981; chairman, Select Committee on Unmet Basic Needs (Ninetieth Congress), Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs (Ninety-first through Ninety-fifth Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the U.S. Senate in 1980; unsuccessful candidate for Democratic presidential nomination in 1968 and 1984; unsuccessful Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 1972; lecturer and teacher; U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Agencies in Rome, Italy, 1998-2001; awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on August 9, 2000; appointed United Nations Global Ambassador on World Hunger in 2001; died October 21, 2012; interment in Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, D.C..

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Augustana College
Center for Western Studies

Sioux Falls, SD
Papers: Correspondence in Conrad Herbert Gesner papers, 1927-1969.

Boise State University Library

Boise, ID
Papers: Correspondence in Frank Church papers, 1941-1984. Finding aid.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library

College Park, MD
Papers: 117 audiotapes (1966-1975) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

California State Archives

Sacramento, CA
Oral History: Discussed in interview with Lucien C. Hass (1985), 344 pages.

Clemson University
Special Collections

Clemson, SC
Papers: Correspondence in Hugh B. Hester papers, 1945-1983 (bulk 1968-1983).

Cornell University
Labor Management Documentation

Ithaca, NY
Papers: In National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees special activities records, 1938-1974 (bulk 1950-1974), and general subject files, 1940-1970.
Oral History: Discussed in "Face the Nation" interview with George Meany (September 6, 1970).

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Lenore Marshall papers, 1887-1980; Randolph Godfrey Phillips papers, 1956-1982; and Lawyer's Committee on American Policy Towards Vietnam records, 1962-1979.

Dakota Wesleyan University
George and Eleanor McGovern Library and Center for Leadership and Public Service

Mitchell, SD
Papers: Ca. 1946-2000. 16 linear feet. Personal, business, political and research files; ca. 7000 photographs; and 8 linear feet of campaign memorabilia. Finding aid on-line.

Gerald R. Ford Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1974-1977. Correspondence and briefing papers. Finding aid.

Iowa State University Library
Department of Special Collections

Ames, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Lauren K. Soth papers, 1945-1975.

Lyndon Baines Johnson Library

Austin, TX
Oral History: 32 pages.

John F. Kennedy Library

Boston, MA
Papers: Material relating to McGovern's presidential campaign (1972) in Frank Fabian Mankiewicz papers, 1962-1978; Frederick Papert papers, 1968-1974; Kirby Jones papers, 1963-1974; and Abram Chayes papers, 1961-1972.
Oral History: 51 pages, concerning John F. Kennedy; 28 pages, concerning Robert F. Kennedy; and 32 pages, original at Lyndon B. Johnson Library.

Memphis State University Library
Mississippi Valley Collection

Memphis, TN
Papers: Correspondence in Oscar Clark Carr papers, 1740-1978.

Minnesota Historical Society

St. Paul, MN
Papers: In Minnesota McGovern for President Committee research files, 1968-1972. Finding aid.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: Campaign material in Bernard Botein papers, 1966-1974. Finding aid.

New York University
Tamiment Library

New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in National Organization for Women, New York Chapter records, 1966-1973 (bulk 1970-1972).

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library

Princeton, NJ
Papers: Ca. 1948-1979. Ca. 1000 cubic feet. Senatorial papers and 1972 campaign papers. Included are correspondence and casework, committee files, legislation files, photographs, press files, scrapbooks, subject files, and voting records. Collection largely unprocessed. Box list available on-line.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Ruth Proskauer Smith papers, 1959-1975; and Margaret Louise Murray Blizard papers, 1929-1985.

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Rare Books and Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Phelps Stokes Fund records, 1852-1981 (bulk 1910-1981).

South Dakota State Historical Society

Pierre, SD
Papers: 1959-1960. Constituent newsletters.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: 1971-1972. 4 cubic feet. McGovern for President records including clippings, news releases, position papers, lists of workers and supporters, and Democratic National Headquarters releases.
Additional Papers: 1 recorded speech (1972) and correspondence in National Peace Action Coalition records, 1970-1973; in GI Civil Liberties Defense committee records, 1968-1971; Richard Critchfield papers, 1938-1992; and Wilbur J. Cohen papers, 1930-1987.

Swarthmore College
Peace Collection

Swarthmore, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Another Mother for Peace Association records, 1964-1985.

Temple University Libraries
Rare Book and Manuscript Collections

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Seven Days records, 1967-1984, an alternative political periodical.

University of Colorado Libraries
Archives

Boulder, CO
Papers: In James G. Patton papers, 1920s-1970s; and Herrick Roth papers, 1950s-1970s.

University of Maryland
McKeldin Library

College Park, MD
Papers: Correspondence in Hervey G. Machen papers, 1964-1968.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Stella Brunt Osborn papers, 1916-1983; Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969; William H. McNitt papers, 1968-1974; and LeRoy Cappaert papers, 1963 1970. Finding aid.

University of Oklahoma
Carl Albert Center Congressional Archives

Norman, OK
Papers: Correspondence and photographs in the Robert S. Kerr papers, Toby Morris papers, Carl Albert papers, Cohelan papers, John N. Happy Camp papers, Beth Campbell Short papers, Harry Culver papers, Helen Gahagan Douglas papers, Fred R. Harris papers, and Cornelius E. Gallagher papers. Finding aids on-line.

University of Utah
J. Willard Marriott Library

Salt Lake City, UT
Papers: McGovern for President campaign material in Jean M. Westwood papers, 1934-1979.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Dumas Malone papers, 1913-1986; Henry T. Skinner papers; and Woodford McClellan papers, 1969-1978.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center

Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in Dewey Anderson papers, 1939-1975; and Harry Barnard papers, 1925-1977.

Western Reserve Historical Society

Cleveland, OH
Papers: In Cyrus Eaton papers, 1901-1978.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Max Lerner papers, 1927-1980; and Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1973.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; Cornell University Libraries, Ithaca, NY; Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; Harvard Law School Library, Cambridge, MA; Radcliffe College, Schlesinger Library, Cambridge, MA; Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Archives, IL; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; and University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire Area Research Center, WI.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Anson, Robert Sam. McGovern: A Biography. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1972.

Giglio, James N. "The Eagleton Affair: Thomas Eagleton, George McGovern, and the 1972 Vice Presidential Nomination." Presidential Studies Quarterly 39 (Dec. 2009): 647-676.

Lange, Gerald. "Mundt vs. McGovern: The 1960 Senate Election." Heritage of the Great Plains 15 (Fall 1982): 33-42.

Lauck, Jon K. "George S. McGovern and the Farmer: South Dakota Politics, 1953-1962. South Dakota History 32:4 (2002): 331-353.

MacLaine, Shirley, ed. McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1972.

Marano, Richard Michael. Vote Your Conscience: The Last Campaign of George McGovern. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2003.

McGovern, Eleanor, with Mary Finch Hoyt. Uphill: A Personal Story. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1974.

McGovern, George S. Abraham Lincoln. New York: Times Books, 2009.

___. An American Journey: The Presidential Campaign Speeches of George McGovern. New York: Random House, 1974.

___. "The Colorado Coal Strike, 1913-1914." Ph.D. dissertation, Northwestern University, 1953.

___. The Essential America: Our Founders and the Liberal Tradition. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.

___. Food for Freedom. Washington: U.S. Information Service, 1967.

___. Grassroots: The Autobiography of George McGovern. New York: Random House, 1977.

___. "The Politics of Hunger." In Congress and Conscience, edited by John B. Anderson, pp. 51-72. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1970.

___. Social Security and the Golden Age: An Essay on the New American Demographic. Golden, Colo.: Fulbrum Publishing, 2005.

___. Terry. New York: Villand, 1996.

___. A Time of War, A Time of Peace. New York: Random House, 1968.

___. War Against Want: America's Food for Peace Program. New York: Walker, 1964.

___, comp. Agricultural Thought in the Twentieth Century. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1967.

McGovern, George S., et al. Vietnam: Four American Perspectives: Lectures. Edited by Patrick J. Hearden. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 1990.

McGovern, George S., and Leonard F. Guttridge. The Great Coalfield War. 1972. Reprint. Niwot: University Press of Colorado, 1996.

McGovern, George S., and William R. Polk. Out of Iraq: A Practical Plan for Withdrawal Now. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006.

Miroff, Bruce. The Liberals' Moment: The McGovern Insurgency and the Identity Crisis of the Democratic Party. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2007.

Pressler, Larry. "George S. McGovern." In U.S. Senators from the Prairie, pp. 153-63. Vermillion, SD: Dakota Press, 1982.

Watson, Robert P., ed. George McGovern: A Political Life, A Political Legacy. Pierre, SD: South Dakota State Historical Society Press, 2004.

Winsor, Jerry Lee. "A Rhetorical Analysis of George S. McGovern's Campaign for Reelection in 1974." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1975.

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