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MCCORMICK, Richard Cunningham

McCORMICK, Richard Cunningham
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object


McCORMICK, Richard Cunningham, a Delegate from the Territory of Arizona and a Representative from New York; born in New York City May 23, 1832; attended the common schools; entered business in Wall Street in 1852; at Sevastopol as newspaper correspondent during the Crimean War in 1854 and 1855; editor, Young Men's Magazine, New York, 1857-1859; with Army of the Potomac during the Civil War as correspondent of the New York Evening Post and New York Commercial Advertiser in 1861 and 1862; first chief clerk, Department of Agriculture, in 1862; appointed by President Lincoln secretary of Arizona Territory in 1863 and by President Johnson governor of the Territory in 1866; established the Prescott Arizona Miner in 1864 and the Tucson Arizona Citizen in 1870; elected as a Unionist as Delegate from the Territory of Arizona to the Forty-first, Forty-second, and Forty-third Congresses (March 4, 1869-March 3, 1875); was not a candidate for renomination in 1874; delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1872, 1876, and 1880; returned to New York; United States commissioner to the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia in 1876; First Assistant Secretary of the Treasury in 1877; commissioner general to the Paris Exposition in 1878; decorated Commander, Legion of Honor, by the President of France in 1878; declined appointments as Minister to Brazil in 1877 and as Minister to Mexico in 1879; elected as a Republican from New York to the Fifty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1895-March 3, 1897); was not a candidate for renomination in 1896; president, board of managers, State Normal School, Jamaica, N.Y.; died in Jamaica, Queens County, N.Y., June 2, 1901; interment in Grace Churchyard.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Arizona Historical Society

Tucson, AZ
Papers: 1863-1902, 0.25 linear foot. The documents and letters relate to Richard C. McCormick's political experiences in Arizona. Included is a letter from Richard C. McCormick to Cepheus Brainerd written in Santa Fe while Richard C. McCormick was on his way to Arizona. Other letters, 1864 to 1865, describe conditions in Arizona. There are also documents appointing Richard C. McCormick as Territorial Governor, United States Commissioner General to the Paris Exposition, and Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. An inventory is available in the library.

Brown University
John Hay Library

Providence, RI
Papers: In the John Hay Milton Papers, 1854-1914, approximately 6,000 items. Other authors include Richard Cunningham McCormick.

Illinois State Historical Society

Springfield, IL
Papers: 1864, 1 item. A letter from John Hay to Richard C. McCormick written on May 16, 1864. In the letter, John Hay writes that Richard C. McCormick's affairs have been referred to the War Department by President Lincoln.

University of California
The Bancroft Library

Berkeley, CA
Papers: 1887, 1 item. A letter from Richard C. McCormick to Horace H. Moore written on November 23, 1887.

Yale University
Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New Haven, CT
Papers: 1863, 3 pages. A letter from Richard C. McCormick to Major Ball written on August 10, 1863. In the letter, Richard McCormick writes concerning his journey to Arizona.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Goff, John S. Richard C. McCormick. Cave Creek, Ariz.: Black Mountain Press, 1983.

McCormick, Richard Cunningham. The American Pioneer. An oration delivered at Prescott, Arizona, July 4, 1866 before the Arizona Pioneer Society. Prescott, [Ariz.]: Office of the Arizona Miner, 1866.

------. Arizona: Its Resources and Prospects. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1865.

------. The International Exhibition of 1876. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1874.

------. Our Success at Paris in 1878. New York: D. H. Gildersleeve, Printer, 1879.

------. The patriotism of the plough. Hempstead: Printed for the Society, 1861.

------. St. Paul's to St. Sophia; or, Sketchings in Europe. New York: Sheldon & Company; Boston: Gould & Lincoln, 1860.

------. A visit to the camp before Sevastopol. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1855.

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