MARTIN, Charles Henry

MARTIN, Charles Henry
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1863–1946

Biography

MARTIN, Charles Henry, a Representative from Oregon; born on a farm near Albion, Edwards County, Ill., October 1, 1863; attended the public schools of Carmi, Ill., and Ewing (Ill.) College; was graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., in 1887; served in the United States Army and saw active service in the Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer campaign in China, and was a division commander in the First World War; awarded the Distinguished Service Medal and two citations for bravery in action; assistant chief of staff, United States Army, 1922-1924; commanded the Panama Canal Department 1925-1927; retired from the Army as a major general on October 1, 1927, and established his residence in Portland, Oreg.; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-second and Seventy-third Congresses (March 4, 1931-January 3, 1935); was not a candidate for renomination in 1934 but was elected Governor of Oregon and served from January 14, 1935, to January 9, 1939; retired from public life and resided in Portland, Oreg., until his death there on September 22, 1946; interment in Riverview Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Oregon Historical Society

Portland, OR
Papers: 1875-1945. 16 feet. Personal, political, military, and business correspondence and memorabilia. Unpublished guide in repository. Restricted.
Papers: Correspondence in the Charles Henry Carey papers, 1904-1935. 5 boxes and 1 reel of microfilm. Finding aid in repository. Access to microfilm partially restricted.
Papers: Correspondence in the Donald Justus Sterling papers, 1907-1954. 2 feet. Finding aid in repository.
Papers: Correspondence in the Oswald West papers, 1895-1960. 1 box.
Oral History: August 1976. Samuel Holly Martin (1904-1978), son.

University of Oregon Library

Eugene, OR
Papers: In the John Churchill Ainsworth correspondence, 1916-1940. 3 feet.
Papers: In the John Knox Weatherford, Jr. papers, 1930-1937. 2 feet. Letters to and from Governor Martin.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Murrell, Gary. "Perfection of Means, Confusion of Goals: The Military Career of Charles Henry Martin." Ph. D. Diss., University of Oregon, 1994.

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