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MANSFIELD, Michael Joseph (Mike)



MANSFIELD, Michael Joseph (Mike), a Representative and a Senator from Montana; born in New York City, March 16, 1903; moved with his family to Great Falls, Cascade County, Mont., in 1906; attended the public schools in Great Falls; served as a seaman when only fourteen years old in the United States Navy during the First World War, as a private in the United States Army in 1919-1920, and as a private first class in the United States Marine Corps 1920-1922; worked as a miner and mining engineer in Butte, Mont., 1922-1930; attended the Montana School of Mines at Butte in 1927 and 1928; graduated from University of Montana at Missoula in 1933, and received a masters degree from that institution in 1934; also attended the University of California at Los Angeles in 1936 and 1937; professor of history and political science at the Montana State University (now University of Montana-Missoula) 1933-1942; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-eighth Congress; reelected to the four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1943-January 3, 1953); was not a candidate for reelection in 1952, having become a candidate for the Senate; chairman, Special Committee on Campaign Expenditures (Eighty-first Congress); was elected to the United States Senate in 1952; reelected in 1958, 1964, and 1970 and served from January 3, 1953, to January 3, 1977; Democratic whip 1957-1961; majority leader and Democratic caucus chairman 1961-1977; Democratic Policy Committee chairman 1961-1977; chairman, Committee on Rules and Administration (Eighty-seventh Congress), Select Committee on Secret and Confidential Documents (Ninety-second Congress), Special Committee on Secret and Confidential Documents (Ninety-third Congress); was not a candidate for reelection in 1976; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Japan 1977-1988; East Asian advisor, Goldman, Sachs; awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on January 19, 1989; was a resident of Washington, D.C. until his death due to congestive heart failure on October 5, 2001; interment in Arlington National Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library

College Park, MD
Papers: 32 audiotapes (1963-1975) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Dakota State University
Karl E. Mundt Library

Madison, SD
Papers: Correspondence in Karl E. Mundt papers, 1927-1972. Finding aid.

Gerald R. Ford Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1974-1977. Correspondence and briefing papers. Finding aid.

Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace

Stanford, CA
Papers: In Robert G. Scigliana papers, 1953-1967.

John F. Kennedy Library

Boston, MA
Oral history: 1964. 46 pages.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Clinton Presba Anderson papers, 1938-1972. Finding aid.

Lyndon Baines Johnson Library

Austin, TX
Papers: In transcripts and audio recordings of telephone conversations held by Lyndon Johnson, 1 September - 31 October 1964. Finding aid.

Mississippi State University
Mitchell Memorial Library

Mississippi State, MS
Oral history: 1977. 6 pages. In Douglas MacArthur oral history project.

Princeton University
Dulles Oral History Project

Princeton, NJ
Oral history: 1966. 17 pages.

Providence College
Phillips Memorial Library

Providence, RI
Papers: 10 items (1958-1976) in John O. Pastore papers.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in Edna Rankin McKinnon papers, 1893-1978.

U.S. Senate
Historical Office

Washington, DC
Oral history: Discussed in interview (July 3, 1985-March 11, 1986) with Francis R. Valeo, secretary of the Senate, 924 pages. Closed until 1996.

University of Georgia
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies

Athens, GA
Oral history: 1971. Limited to reminiscences of Russell.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969. Finding aid.

University of Montana
Mansfield Library

Missoula, MT
Papers: 1943-1988. 1,750 feet. Correspondence, speeches, research files, bill files, campaign materials, photographs, film, personal papers, scrapbooks and artifacts from his career as congressman, senator and ambassador to Japan. Finding aid. Some papers are open, but many remain closed until 15 years after the senator's death.
Oral history: 1951-1985. 366 cassettes. Recordings of interviews, radio and televison news program appearances, speeches, press conferences relating to his career as U.S. representative, Senator, and as U.S. ambassador to Japan. Also includes recordings by other individuals with some relation to Mansfield's public career. Finding aid.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center

Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in Dewey Anderson papers, 1939-1975.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Max Lerner papers, 1927-1980; Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1973; and Hanson Weightman Baldwin papers, 1929-1988.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Baker, Ross K. "Mike Mansfield and the Birth of the Modern Senate." In First Among Equals: Outstanding Senate Leaders of the Twentieth Century, edited by Richard A. Baker and Roger H. Davidson, pp. 264-96. Washington: Congressional Quarterly, 1991.

Baldwin, Louis. Honorable Politician: Mike Mansfield of Montana. Missoula: Mountain Press Publishing Co., 1979.

Hood, Charles Eugene, Jr. " 'China Mike' Mansfield: The Making of a Congressional Authority on the Far East." Ph.D. dissertation, Washington State University, 1980.

Glass, Andrew J. "Mike Mansfield: Majority Leader." In Norman J. Ornstein, Congress in Change: Evolution and Reform. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1975, pp. 142-154.

Mansfield, Mike. "American Diplomatic Relations with Korea, 1866-1910." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Montana, 1934.

___. Charting a New Course: Mike Mansfield and U.S. Asian Policy: Four Reports by Mike Mansfield. Rutland, VT: C.E. Tuttle Co., 1978. Includes a brief biography by William D. James.

___. China: Retrospect and Prospect. Mike Mansfield Lectures on International Relations, no. 1. Missoula: University of Montana, 1968.

___. "The Meaning of the Term 'Advice and Consent'." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 289 (September 1953): 127-33.

Oberdorfer, Don. Senator Mansfield: The Extraordinary Life of a Great American Statesman and Diplomat. Washington: Smithsonian Books, 2003.

Olson, Gregory Allen. "Mike Mansfield's Ethos in the Evolution of United States Policy in Indochina." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1988.

___. Mansfield and Vietnam: A Study in Rhetorical Adaptation. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1995.

Ritchie, Donald A. "The Senate of Mike Mansfield." Montana: The Magazine of Western History, vol. 48, no. 4 (Winter 1998), 50-62.

Schwartz, James Edmond. "Senator Michael J. Mansfield and U.S. Military Disengagement From Europe. A Case Study in American Foreign Policy: The Majority Leader, His Amendment, and His Influence upon the Senate." Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1977.

Stewart, J. G. "Two Strategies of Leadership: Johnson and Mansfield." In Congressional Behavior, edited by Nelson W. Polsby, pp. 61-92. New York: Random House, 1971.

Stewart, John G. "Independence and Control: The Challenge of Senatorial Party Leadership." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1968.

Stoler, Mark A. "Aiken, Mansfield and the Tonkin Gulf Crisis: Notes from the Congressional Leadership Meeting at the White House, August 4, 1964." Vermont History 50 (Spring 1982): 80-94.

U.S. Congress. Tributes to Mike Mansfield of Montana: Commemorating the Longest Tenure as Majority Leader of the United States Senate. 97th Cong., 2d sess., 1970. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1970.

Valeo, Francis R. Mike Mansfield, Majority Leader: A Different Kind of Senate, 1961-1976. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1999.

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