Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
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LAWRENCE, Abbott, a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Groton, Mass., December 16, 1792; attended Groton Academy; became a merchant and importer in Boston; member of the Boston Common Council in 1831; elected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1835-March 3, 1837); was not a candidate for renomination in 1836; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-sixth Congress and served from March 4, 1839, to September 18, 1840, when he resigned; appointed a commissioner in 1842 to settle the northeastern boundary dispute between Canada and the United States; delegate to the Whig National Convention in 1844; temporarily appointed by President Taylor to be United States Minister to Great Britain August 20, 1849; reappointed January 4, 1850; confirmed June 24, 1850, and served until October 1852, when he resigned and resumed his former business pursuits in Boston; founded the Lawrence Scientific School in Harvard University; died in Boston, Mass., on August 18, 1855; interment in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 11 letters.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: 1849-1852. 9 volumes. Correspondence and dispatches, chiefly from his diplomatic service in London, and personal account books (1841-1855). Unpublished finding aid in library.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: Undated. 1 note.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Appleton, Nathan. Memoir of the Hon. Abbott Lawrence. Boston: J. H. Eastburn's Press, 1856.

Brauer, Kinley J. "The Webster-Lawrence Feud: A Study in Politics and Ambitions." Historian 29 (November 1966): 34-59.

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. Memoir of Abbott Lawrence. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1884.

Lawrence, Abbott. Facts and arguments: Letters from the Hon. Abbott Lawrence on the tariff: Addressed to Hon. Wm. C. Rives. [Massachusetts: N.p., 1846?]

------. Remarks of Mr. Lawrence of Boston : on the duty of Congress to continue by discriminating and specific duties, the protection of American labor, at the Convention of the shoe and leather dealers held in Boston March 2, 1842. Boston: S.N. Dickinson, printer, 1842.

Prescott, William Hickling. Memoir of the Honorable Abbott Lawrence. Prepared for the National Portrait Gallery. N.p., Printed for private distribution, 1856.

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