LANE, Henry Smith

1811–1881

Biography

LANE, Henry Smith, a Representative and a Senator from Indiana; born near Sharpsburg, Bath County, Ky., February 24, 1811; received a classical education from private tutors; studied law; admitted to the bar in Mount Sterling, Ky., in 1832 and commenced practice at Crawfordsville, Ind., in 1834; member, State senate 1837; member, State house of representatives 1838-1839; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-sixth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Tilghman A. Howard; reelected to the Twenty-seventh Congress and served from August 3, 1840, to March 3, 1843; chair, Committee on Roads and Canals (Twenty-seventh Congress); served in the Mexican War at the head of a company he had raised; rose to lieutenant colonel of the First Indiana Regiment; abandoned the profession of law and engaged in the banking business at Crawfordsville, Ind., in 1854; elected Governor of Indiana in 1860; was inaugurated January 14, 1861, and served just two days, when, by previous arrangement, he was elected to the Senate; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1861, to March 3, 1867; chairman, Committee on Engrossed Bills (Thirty-seventh through Thirty-ninth Congresses), Committee on Pensions (Thirty-ninth Congress); served as special Indian commissioner 1869-1871; commissioner for improvement of the Mississippi River in 1872; died in Crawfordsville, Ind., June 18, 1881; interment in Oak Hill Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Franklin College Library
Special Collections

Franklin, IN
Papers: Masters thesis, "The Speaking of Henry Smith Lane, 1834-1856," by Henry A. Hawken, 1963, 74 pages.

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1788-1936. 11 boxes and 54 items. Chiefly personal and business correspondence (1846-1876) including papers relating to his service in the Mexican War; founding of the Republican party; elections of 1856, 1858, and 1860; political conditions during the Civil War; work with Commission on Indian Affairs; family and legal matters; and business interests. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In Samuel Hall papers, 1810-1862; Charles Lanman collection, 1828-1869; Noble Chase Butler papers, 1809-1933; and Lew Wallace papers, 1799-1923 (bulk 1846-1906).

Indiana State Archives

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1861. 6 items. Gubernatorial correspondence. Finding aid.

Indiana State Library

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Several items and photographs in various collections.

Indiana University
Lilly Library

Bloomington, IN
Papers: 1828-1909. 791 items. Includes some typescripts of originals in other repositories.

Kentucky Historical Society

Frankfort, KY
Papers: Personal letters (1835-1849) from Lane to his sister and her family in Stone family papers.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections

Stanford, CA
Papers: In John Franklin Miller papers, 1848-1886.

Wabash College
Lilly Library

Crawfordsville, IN
Papers: Pamphlet, "Address delivered before the Western Literary Society of Wabash College," September 29, 1835; and program, "Grand Lincoln & Johnson Ratification meeting," June 15, 1864, includes Lane speech.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Carrington family papers, 1749-1929.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Barringer, Graham A. "The Life and Letters of Henry S. Lane." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Indiana, 1927.

Gronert, Theodore G. "Senator Henry S. Lane." Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 35 (July 1937): 260-64.

Sharp, Walter Rice. "Henry S. Lane and the Formation of the Republican Party in Indiana." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 7 (September 1920): 93-112.

Wernle, Robert F. Henry Smith Lane, the Old War-Horse. Crawfordsville, IN: Montgomery County Historical Society, 1938.

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