KING, Thomas Butler

KING, Thomas Butler
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1800–1864

Biography

KING, Thomas Butler, (brother of Henry King and father of John Floyd King), a Representative from Georgia; born in Palmer, Hampden County, Mass., August 27, 1800; received private instructions and also attended Westfield Academy; read law with his brother at Allentown, Pa.; was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia in 1822 and commenced practice in Waynesville, Ga., in 1823; settled on St. Simons Island, Ga., in 1826 and engaged in agricultural pursuits; also interested in canal and railroad projects; member of the State senate in 1832, 1834, 1835, and 1837; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1833 and to the State Whig conventions in 1835 and 1843; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1836 to the Twenty-fifth Congress; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1839-March 3, 1843); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1842 to the Twenty-eighth Congress; delegate to the Whig National Convention in 1844; elected to the Twenty-ninth, Thirtieth, and Thirty-first Congresses and served from March 4, 1845, until his resignation in 1850; chairman, Committee on Naval Affairs (Thirtieth Congress); appointed by President Fillmore as collector of the port of San Francisco, Calif., October 14, 1850, and served until October 1, 1852, when he resigned; returned to St. Simons Island, Ga.; again a member of the State senate in 1859; delegate to the Democratic National Convention at Baltimore in 1860; appointed a commissioner of Georgia in 1861 to visit Europe in the interest of trade, and was a commissioner of the Confederacy in Europe 1861-1863; died in Waresboro, Ware County, Ga., May 10, 1864; interment in the churchyard of Christ Church, Frederica, St. Simons Island, Ga.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1773-1868, 2003; 11.5 linear feet (ca. 4,000 items). Collection contains correspondence and papers pertaining to his business and public activities, plantation management, family life, and Civil War. Finding aid is available online and in the repository.
Papers: In the William Audley Couper papers, 1795-1955, 3.5 linear feet (ca. 1,700 items). Persons represented include Thomas Butler King.

Atlanta History Center

Atlanta, GA
Papers: 1 item. Testimonial signed by 172 prominent New Yorkers expressing appreciation of King's efforts in getting Mail Steamer Bill passed during the 1847 congressional session.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: Two official letters (March 20 and April 15, 1848) in the Jay family collection. Finding aid in repository.

Emory University
Special Collections Department Robert W. Woodruff Library

Atlanta, GA
Papers: 1845-1851, 21 items. Personal and business papers, including a clipping and a biographical sketch. Related papers are in Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina. Finding aid in repository.

Georgia Department of Archives and History

Atlanta, GA
Papers: In File II Names File is primarily incoming correspondence to the Governor of Georgia. Finding aid in repository.

Georgia Historical Society

Savannah, GA
Papers: 1835-1837, 1839; 0.05 cubic foot (1 folder). The collection contains 8 letters of Thomas Butler King to his brother, Henry King, regarding family matters, crops, financial matters, and the Brunswick and Florida railroad.
Papers: In King-Wilder family papers, 1817-1946, 845 items. Collection is chiefly personal papers with some letters pertaining to his political career. Unpublished finding aid in repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1850, 1 letter.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: July 29, 1851, 1 official letter. Finding aid in repository.

Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Manuscripts Department

San Marino, CA
Papers: In the papers of William Gibbs McAdoo, 1823-1992, 12 boxes, 1 oversize folder, and 3 oversize volumes. Correspondents include Thomas Butler King.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

King, Thomas Butler. California. New York: W. Gowans, 1950.

------. Speech of the Hon. T. Butler King, of Georgia, on the Oregon question: delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, February 9, 1846. Washington: Printed at the Office of the National Intelligencer, 1846

Steel, Edward M., Jr. T. Butler King of Georgia. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1964.

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