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JAVITS, Jacob Koppel



JAVITS, Jacob Koppel, a Representative and a Senator from New York; born in New York City, May 18, 1904; attended the public schools; traveling salesman; attended night classes at Columbia University; graduated from the New York University Law School in 1926; admitted to the bar in 1927 and commenced practice in New York City; lecturer and author of articles on political and economic problems; during the Second World War, served with the Chemical Warfare Service 1941-1944, with overseas service in the European and Pacific Theaters; discharged as a lieutenant colonel in 1945; resumed the practice of law; elected as a Republican to the Eightieth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1947, until his resignation December 31, 1954; had been renominated in 1954 to the Eighty-fourth Congress but withdrew; attorney general of New York 1954-1957; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1956 for the term commencing January 3, 1957, but did not assume his duties until January 9, 1957; reelected in 1962, 1968, and again in 1974, and served from January 9, 1957, to January 3, 1981; unsuccessful Republican candidate for renomination in 1980; unsuccessful Liberal candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1980; resumed the practice of law; adjunct professor of public affairs at Columbia University's School of International Affairs; author; awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on February 23, 1983; died in West Palm Beach, Florida, on March 7, 1986; interment in Linden Hill Cemetery, Queens, New York City.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

American Jewish Archives

Cincinnati, OH
Papers: Correspondence in Martin Mishli Weitz papers. Finding aid.

Boise State University Library

Boise, ID
Papers: Correspondence in Frank Church papers, 1941-1984. Finding aid.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library

College Park, MD
Papers: 52 audiotapes (1968-1979) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Columbia University
Oral History Project

New York, NY
Oral History: 1966, 12 leaves; 1968, 15 leaves; 1975, 3 leaves; 1980, 99 leaves (closed). Reminiscences. Permission required to cite, quote, and reproduce.
Oral History: Discussed in interviews with Frank Thompson, Jr.; George J. Feldman, (1978) closed; Allen Lesser, (1966); Selig J. Levitan, (1979); Milton Handler, (1978); Joan Javits Zeeman, (1980) permission required for access; Halfdan Gregersen, (1978); and Richard Aurelio, (1976) closed.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 3 official letters (1971, 1975) in the Citizens Committee for the Protection of the Environment; and in Gerald Sykes papers, 1921-1984; Bennett Cerf papers, 1898-1977; League of Women Voters of the City of New York records, 1919-1979; Citizens Committee for the Protection of the Environment records, 1966-1969; Frederick Cole Smedley papers, 1956-1976; and Geoffrey Parsons papers, ca. 1919-1959.

Cornell University
Labor Management Documentation

Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Greater Buffalo Industrial Union Council records, 1937-1958; and National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees records, 1938-1974.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: In James Alfred Perkins papers, 1963-1969; William Henry Hill papers, 1878-1964 (bulk 1918-1964); Caroline Werner Gannett papers, 1888-1978; Charles Abrams papers, 1923-1970, available on microfilm; Political campaigns miscellany, 1974; and New York State Farm Bureau records, [ca. 1918-1968].

Dwight D. Eisenhower Library

Abilene, KS
Oral History: 1968. 16 pages. Furnished by Columbia University.

Gerald R. Ford Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1974-1977. Correspondence and briefing papers. Finding aid.

Howard University
Moorland-Spingarn Research Center

Washington, DC
Oral History: 1 interview. 37 pages. Interview of Patricia Connell Shakow, legislative aide to Senator Javits. Explains why some civil rights bills passed and others did not, recalling the strategies and tactics employed by pro-civil rights congressmen and their staffs to get the Civil Rights Bill of 1964 out of committee and onto the Senate floor for a vote. Discusses also the 1965 voting rights bill and the open housing bill of 1966. Interviewer Robert Wright. Part of Ralph J. Bunche Collection.

John F. Kennedy Library

Boston, MA
Oral History: 2 interviews. 18 pages concerning John F. Kennedy and 26 pages concerning Robert F. Kennedy. Restricted.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Simon Ernest Sobeloff papers, 1882-1973; and Irving Brant papers, 1910-1977, available on 7 microfilm reels. Finding aid.

National Archives and Records Administration

Washington, DC
Papers: In Sound Recordings of the VISTA Viewpoint Radio Series, no date, 10 reels. Produced by Office of Economic Opportunity, Office of Public Affairs.

Nevada Historical Society

Reno, NV
Papers: Correspondence in John V. Ciceu papers, 1962-1965.

New York City
Municipal Archives

New York, NY
Papers: In WNYC collection of broadcast recordings, 1938-1970; and Paul O'Dwyer Senate campaign files, 1968.

Princeton University
Dulles Oral History Project

Princeton, NJ
Oral History: 1966. 17 pages. Restricted.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Dorothy F. Rodgers papers, 1922-1987; Ruth Proskauer Smith papers, 1959-1975; Justine Wise Polier papers, 1892-1990; and Mary Elizabeth Dreier papers, 1797-1963 (bulk 1897-1963).

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library

Hyde Park, NY
Papers: In Howard Brubaker papers, 1914-1957.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: In Postal Union of Manhattan-Bronx records, 1958-1961 (permission of Historical Society required); Howard K. Smith papers, 1941-1963; Todd Gitlin and Nanci Hollander papers, 1961-1970; David Finkelstein papers, 1964-1966; and Robert Bendiner papers, 1934-1984, on microfilm.

State University of New York
Frank Melville, Jr. Memorial Library

Stony Brook, NY
Papers: 1907-1986 (bulk 1956-1981). 1220 linear feet. Includes press files, speeches, legislative files, subject files, committee material, campaign records, constituent correspondence, departmental files, pre-Senate materials, trip files, appointments, patronage, New York office records, clippings, post-Senate materials, audiovisual records, and memorabilia. Topics include health, education, housing, civil rights, small business, labor, fiscal policy, the arts and humanities, and foreign policy. Finding aid.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library

Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Harold Weston papers, 1916-1971; Dutton S. Peterson papers, 1892-1965; Phyllis McGinley papers, 1897-1978; Edward Corsi papers, 1918-1968; and Margaret Bourke-White papers, 1928-1964.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center

Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in Morgan Beatty papers, 1922-1973. Finding aid.

Western Reserve Historical Society

Cleveland, OH
Papers: In Cyrus Eaton papers, 1901-1978. 422 feet. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Max Lerner papers, 1927-1980; Herman Miles Somers papers, 1936-1979; George Baehr papers, 1915-1978; and John Sylvester Fischer papers, 1910-1978.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Agudath Israel of America Orthodox Jewish Archives, New York, NY; Columbia University Law Library, New York, NY; Congregation Shearith Israel, New York, NY; Emory University, Atlanta, GA; Hadassah Archives, New York, NY; Harvard Law School Library, Cambridge, MA; Immigration History Research Center, St. Paul, MN; New York Public Library, New York, NY; New York University Tamiment Institute Library, New York, NY; Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ; St. John's University, Jamaica, NY; State University of New York, Albany, NY; University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library; and University of Virginia, Alderman Library, Charlottesville, VA.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Javits, Jacob K. "Congress and Foreign Relations: The Taiwan Relations Act." Foreign Affairs 60 (Fall 1981): 54-62.

___. "The Congressional Presence in Foreign Relations." Foreign Affairs 48 (January 1970): 221-34.

___. Discrimination, U.S.A. 1960. Rev. ed. New York: Washington Square Press, 1962.

___. "How I Used a Poll in Campaigning for Congress." Public Opinion Quarterly (Summer 1947): 222-26.

___. Order of Battle: A Republican's Call to Reason. 1964. Rev. and enlarged ed. New York: Pocket Books, 1966.

___. A Proposed Amendment to the Anti-Trust Laws. New York: Appeal Printing Co., 1940.

___. "War Powers Reconsidered." Foreign Affairs 64 (Fall 1985): 130-40.

Javits, Jacob K., Charles J. Hitch, and Arthur F. Burns. The Defense Sector and the American Economy. New York: New York University Press, 1968.

Javits, Jacob K., and Don Kellermann. Who Makes War: The President versus Congress. New York: William Morrow & Co., 1973.

Javits, Jacob K., and Gary J. Klein. "Congressional Oversight and Legislative Veto: A Constitutional Analysis." New York University Law Review 52 (June 1977): 455-97.

Javits, Jacob K., with Rafael Steinberg. Javits: The Autobiography of a Public Man. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1981.

Kelly, Michael Patrick. "Jacob K. Javits: The Education of an Urban Liberal, 1904-1957." Ph.D. dissertation, State University of New York, Stony Brook, 1999.

Lazarowitz, Arlene. "Senator Jacob K. Javits and Soviet Jewish Emigration." Shofar 21:4 (Summer 2003).

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