JACKSON, John George

1777–1825

Biography

JACKSON, John George, (son of George Jackson, brother of Edward Brake Jackson, and grandfather of William Thomas Bland), a Representative from Virginia; born in Buckhannon, Va. (now West Virginia), September 22, 1777; moved with his parents to Clarksburg in 1784; received an English training and became a civil engineer; appointed surveyor of public lands of what is now the State of Ohio in 1793; member of the Virginia house of delegates 1798-1801; elected as a Republican to the Eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1803, to September 28, 1810, when he resigned; while in Congress fought a duel with Joseph Pearson, of North Carolina, and on the second fire was wounded in the hip; member of the State house of delegates in 1811 and 1812; brigadier general of Virginia Militia in 1812; elected as a Republican to the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Congresses (March 4, 1813-March 3, 1817); declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1816 to the Fifteenth Congress; appointed United States district judge for the western district of Virginia in 1819 and served until his death in Clarksburg, Va. (now West Virginia), March 28, 1825; interment in the Old Jackson Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the papers of James Madison, Jr., 1801-1842, 48 items. Collection includes 14 letters, 1801-1822, from John George Jackson, Richard Forrest, and Thomas Ritchie to Madison regarding the Burr Conspiracy.
Papers: In the papers of Samuel Smith, 1729-1924, 3 feet, 6 reels microfilm. Collection are originals of microfilmed papers in the Library of Congress.

University of Virginia
Virginia Center for Digital History

Charlottesville, VA
Letter: Letter from John George Jackson, September 25, 1800, 1 item. Jackson introduces himself to Dolley Madison as her future brother-in-law. Full text of the letter is available online through the Virginia Center for Digital History's Dolley Madison Project.

Western Reserve Historical Society

Cleveland, OH
Microfilm: In the papers of Joseph Buell, 1806-1812, 1 reel microfilm. Correspondents include John George Jackson.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Brown, Stephen W. "Congressman John George Jackson and Republican Nationalism. 1813-1817." West Virginia History 38 (January 1977): 93-125.

---. "John George Jackson: A Biography." Ph.D. diss., West Virginia University, 1977.

---. Voice of the New West: John G. Jackson: His Life and Times. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1985.

Davis, Dorothy. John George Jackson. Parsons, W. Va.: McClain Print. Co., 1976.

Jackson, John George. Circular: Washington City, March 2, 1805: To the free-holders of the north-western district of Virginia. [Washington: N.p., 1805].

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