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JACKSON, James, (father of Jabez Y. Jackson and grandfather of James Jackson [1819–1887]), a Representative and a Senator from Georgia; born in Moreton-Hampstead, Devonshire, England, September 21, 1757; emigrated to Georgia in 1772 and located in Savannah; served in the Revolution with the Georgia State forces; studied law and built a lucrative practice in Savannah; several times elected to the state legislature; elected governor of Georgia in 1788 but declined; planter; elected to the First Congress (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1791); contested the election of Anthony Wayne in the Second Congress and the seat was declared vacant by the House of Representatives March 21, 1792; elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1793, until October 31, 1795, when he resigned; again a member of the State legislature; Governor of Georgia 1798-1801; was again elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1801, until his death in Washington, D.C., March 19, 1806; interment in the Congressional Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: 1 letter (no date) to General Mitchell in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume 13, Miscellany, 1771-1832.

Georgia Department of Archives and History

Atlanta, GA
Papers: In File II Names/Pre-1800 and File II names, primarily incoming correspondence to the governor of Georgia; and correspondence with Captain William Ross in Georgia Military Affairs, 1783-1842, 9 typescript volumes. Finding aid.

Georgia Historical Society

Savannah, GA
Papers: 1781-1796. 24 items. Personal and business papers. Finding aid.

Maine Historical Society

Portland, ME
Papers: 1 item (1789) in the Fogg autograph collection.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1796-1805. 22 items.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: April 16, 1790. 1 letter. To Anthony Wayne, concerning matters being debated in Congress.

University of Georgia
Hargrett Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts

Athens, GA
Papers: February 19 and 20, 1782. 2 letters. Concern military affairs. Also correspondence in Prince family papers, 1785-1900.

University of Michigan
William L. Clements Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1 item (1789) in the Anthony Wayne papers.

University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library

Columbia, SC
Papers: Correspondence in Pierce Butler letterbook, 1790-1794. Finding aid.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: In Tucker-Ewell papers, 1770-1893 (bulk 1770-1818).
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Charlton, Thomas Usher Pulaski. The Life of Major General James Jackson. Augusta, GA: Geo. F. Randolph & Co., 1809.

Foster, William Omer. "James Jackson in the American Revolution." Georgia Historical Quarterly 31 (December 1947): 249-81.

___. James Jackson: Duelist and Militant Statesman, 1757-1806. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1960.

Hawes, Lilla M., ed. "Papers of James Jackson, 1781-1798." Collections of the Georgia Historical Society 11 (1955): 1-110. Reprinted from Georgia Historical Quarterly (March, June, September and December 1953).

Holbrook, Alfred H. "James Jackson and Thomas Gibbons--Two Lawyer Statesmen of Georgia." Georgia Bar Journal 15 (February 1953): 309-19.

Lamplugh, George R. " 'Oh The Colossus! The Colossus!': James Jackson and the Jeffersonian Republican Party in Georgia, 1796-1806." Journal of the Early Republic 9 (Fall 1989): 315-34.

Lawrence, Alexander A. "James Jackson: Passionate Patriot." Georgia Historical Quarterly 34 (June 1950): 75-86.

Mahon, John K., ed. "Correspondence between General James Jackson and Captain William Ross." Georgia Historical Quarterly 35 (March 1951): 82-89.

Mellichamp, Josephine. "James Jackson." In Senators from Georgia, pp. 27-35. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.

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