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HOBSON, Richmond Pearson

HOBSON, Richmond Pearson
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1870–1937

Biography

HOBSON, Richmond Pearson, a Representative from Alabama; born in Greensboro, Hale County, Ala., August 17, 1870; attended private schools and Southern University; was graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1889 and from the French National School of Naval Design at Paris in 1893; served in the United States Navy from 1885 until 1903; special representative of the Navy Department to the Buffalo Exposition in 1901 and to the Charleston Exposition in 1901 and 1902; naval architect, author, and lecturer; elected as a Democrat to the Sixtieth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1907-March 3, 1915); unsuccessful candidate for nomination in 1916 to the Sixty-fifth Congress; moved to Los Angeles, Calif., and later to New York City; organized the American Alcohol Education Association in 1921 and served as general secretary; organized the International Narcotic Education Association in 1923 and served as president; organized the World Conference on Narcotic Education in 1926 and served as secretary general and as chairman of the board of governors; founder of the World Narcotic Defense Association in 1927, serving as president; awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1933 for sinking the collier Merrimac in 1898; was made a rear admiral by act of Congress in 1934; founder and president of the Constitutional Democracy Association in 1935; died in New York City March 16, 1937; interment in Arlington National Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1889-1966, 31.6 linear feet. The papers of Richmond Pearson Hobson include correspondence, memoranda, speeches, lectures, articles, reports, notes, analyses, orders, press clippings, photographs, and other papers relating chiefly to Hobson's naval career and to his efforts on behalf of prohibition, restrictions on international drug trafficking, and opposition to the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration. The collection also documents Hobson's service during the Spanish-American War primarily pertaining to operations in Cuba and the Philippines; survey of Chinese, and Japanese, and British colonial navy-yards; proficiency in naval design and construction; and years as student and educator at the United States Naval Academy. Subjects include his advocacy of the enlargement of the U.S. Navy, a permanent fleet in the Pacific, and increase in the number of battleships; opposition to Franklin D. Roosevelt's expansion of the Supreme Court; Hobson's predictions of global conflict prior to both world wars; women's suffrage; sinking of the Lusitania; and industrial recovery during the Depression. Organizations represented include the Alcohol Education Society of America, Anti-saloon League of America, Constitutional Democracy Association, International Narcotic Education Association, Public Welfare Association, Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and World Narcotic Defense Association. Correspondents include and Pascual Cervera y Topete, French Ensor Chadwick, Theodore Roosevelt, Nikola Tesla, and Hobson's wife, Grizelda Hull Hobson, and other family members.
Papers: In the Mark L. Bristol papers, ca. 1882-1939, 39.2 linear feet. Correspondents include Richmond Pearson Hobson.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1907, 1 item. A letter from Richmond Pearson Hobson to J.S. Crosby, written on January 2 and February 13, 1907. In the letter, Hobson writes about the sinking of the Merrimac in Santiago Bay.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Hobson, Richmond Pearson. An Adequate Navy and the Open-door Policy [microform]: Speeches of Hon. Richmond P. Hobson of Alabama in the House of Representatives, January 29 and February 5, 1915. Washington: N.p., 1915.

------. Alcohol and the Human Race. New York and Chicago, [etc]: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1919].

------. Buck Jones at Annapolis. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1907.

------. In Line of Duty. New York and London: D. Appleton and Company, 1910.

------. Paramount Importance of Immediate Adoption of Progressive Naval Program. [Greensboro, Ala.: N.p.,1904].

------. The Sinking of the Merrimac. New York: Century Co., 1899. Reprint, with an introduction and notes by Richard W. Turk. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, [1988].

Pittman, Walter E. Navalist and Progressive: The Life of Richmond P. Hobson. Manhattan, Kans.: MA/AH Publishing, 1981.

------. "Richmond P. Hobson, Crusader." Ph.D. diss., University of Georgia, 1969.

Rosenfeld, Harvey. Richmond Pearson Hobson: Naval Hero of Magnolia Grove. Las Cruces, N. Mex.: Yucca Tree Press, 2000.

Sheldon, Richard N. "Richmond Pearson Hobson: The Military Hero as Reformer During the Progressive Era." Ph.D. diss., University of Arizona, 1970.

------. "Richard Pearson Hobson as a Progressive Reformer" Alabama Review 25 (October 1972): 243-61.

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