HOAR, Ebenezer Rockwood

1816–1895

Biography

HOAR, Ebenezer Rockwood, (grandson of Roger Sherman, son of Samuel Hoar, brother of George Frisbie Hoar, father of Sherman Hoar, and uncle of Rockwood Hoar), a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Concord, Mass., February 21, 1816; pursued classical studies and was graduated from Harvard University in 1835; was admitted to the bar in 1840 and commenced practice in Concord and Boston, Mass.; served in the State senate in 1846 as an anti-slavery Whig; judge of the court of common pleas 1849-1855; judge of the State supreme court 1859-1869; Attorney General of the United States from March 1869 until his resignation in June 1870; nominated in 1869 by President Grant as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court but was not confirmed by the Senate; member of the joint high commission which framed the treaty of Washington in 1871 under which the tribunal was provided for to settle the Alabama claims; elected as a Republican to the Forty-third Congress (March 4, 1873-March 3, 1875); was not a candidate for renomination in 1874; resumed the practice of his profession in Concord and Boston, Mass.; member of the board of overseers of Harvard University 1868-1882; died in Concord, Mass., January 31, 1895; interment in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Michigan
D.N. Diedrich Collection, William L. Clements Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1852-1875, 16 items. The Ebenezer Hoar Papers spans twenty-three years of deep friendship between the distinguished attorneys, Ebenezer Hoar and William M. Evarts, a friendship owing to family ties, and similar professional pursuits and political beliefs. All but one of the letters in this collection was written by Ebenezer Hoar to William Evarts. The letters cover a myriad of political concerns, centered on the turbulent years leading up to the Civil War, the War itself, and Reconstruction. Particularly useful are the insights into political machinations, the personalities of various statesmen, and the intrigues of capturing political appointments. The Supreme Court is especially singled out for detailed commentary. The collection includes one letter to lawyer Peleg W. Chandler, considered the best jury pleader in Massachusetts in his day.

Boston Athenaeum

Boston, MA
Papers: In the Peleg W. Chandler Letters Received, 1866-1874, approximately 185 items. Other authors include E.R. Hoar.
Papers: In the Shaw Family Letters Received, 1859-1940, 49 items. Correspondents include Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Concord Free Public Library
Special Collections

Concord, MA
Papers: 1894, 1 item. A will of E.R. Hoar written on June 7, 1894. Inscribed at the top of first page of the photocopy, in the hand of Elizabeth Maxfield-Miller. Other annotations by Elizabeth Maxfield-Miller are also included.
Papers: In the Collection of Materials Issued by or Relating to Concord Academy, ca. 1892-1978, 5 items. Other authors include E.R. Hoar.
Papers: In the Concord Academy Records and Student Compositions Kept by schoolmaster Phineas Allen, 1828-[not after 1836], 22 items. Subjects include E.R. Hoar.
Papers: In the Concord Town Library Records, [1851]-1873, 0.42 linear foot. Other authors include E.R. Hoar.
Papers: In the Ralph Waldo Emerson Papers, 1835-1871, 35 items. Correspondents include E.R. Hoar. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Hoar Family Papers, 1817-1893, 15 items. Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar correspondence includes: 4 letters from Sophia B. Tayer to E.R. Hoar regarding documents from the old house. A letter from W.B. Spooner to E.R. Hoar written on November 17, 1852 includes a notice titled "To the Free Soil and Democratic Friends of the Anti-Liquor Law" and concerns the election of members to the House of Representatives. A letter from John A. Andrew to E.R. Hoar written on June 27, 1864 regards the funeral of Colonel Prescott. A letter from J.A. Garfield to E.R. Hoar written on June 20, 1881 is regarding a visit to Concord, anc includes a newsclipping of a talk delivered by G.F. Hoar "President Garfield's New England Ancestry". A letter from E.R. Hoar to W.W. Whildon written on March 23, 1842 is covers the publication of notices in Bunker Hill Aurora. A letter from E.R. Hoar to William P. Garrison written on April 7, 1893 concerns W.J. Stillman's painting "Philosopher's Camp in the Adirondacks," and identifies individuals in the painting. Finally, a letter from Ebenezer Hoard to Governor John D. Long written on April 30, 1892 invites Governor Long to the centennial celebration of the founding of Westford Academy, Westford, Massachusetts, and also includes reminiscences of Concord Academy.
Papers: In the William Munroe Papers, 1861-1875, 13 items. Correspondents include Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar. A finding aid is available in the library.

Duke University Libraries
Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1869, 1 item. A letter to Ebenezer R. Hoar, attorney general of the United States, from Secretary of the Treasury George Sewall Boutwell, concerning laws designed to prevent the spread of disease from foreign countries among cattle in the United States.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Bright Family Papers, 1672-1897, 1 box. Correspondents include Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar. An unpublished guide is available in the library.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the George Bemis Papers, ca. 1794-1901, 11 boxes. Correspondents include Ebenezer R. Hoar. A box list is available in the repository.
Papers: In the George Frisbie Hoar Papers, ca. 1799-1941, 198 cartons and 1 oversize box. Correspondents include Ebenezer R. Hoar. A box list is available in the library.
Papers: In the Horatio Woodman Papers, ca. 1843-1899, 1 box and 1 narrow box. Correspondents include Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar.

Minuteman Library Network

Natick, MA
Papers: In the Finigan Family Papers, 1870-1944, 13 pages. The papers contain a warranty deed of Ebenezer Hoar to James Finigan.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Butler, Benjamin Franklin. Letter of General Benj. F. Butler, to Hon. E. R. Hoar. [Lowell?, Mass.]: N.p., 1876.

Hoar, Ebenezer Rockwood. Address at the laying of the corner stone of the Memorial Hall. Boston: Tolman & White, printers, 1870.

------. Address in the old Concord Meeting House, April 19, 1894. Boston: Beacon Press, T. Todd, printer, 1894.

Hoar, George Frisbie. The charge against President Grant and Attorney General Hoar of packing the Supreme Court of the United States. Worcester, Mass.: Press of C. Hamilton, [1896?]

Massachusetts. Bar. Tributes to the Bar and of the Supreme Judicial Court of the Commonwealth to the memory of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar. Cambridge, [Mass.]: J. Wilson and Son, University Press, 1895.

Storey, Moorfield, and Edward W. Emerson. Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar: A Memoir. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1911.

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