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HILLHOUSE, James, (son of William Hillhouse), A Representative and a Senator from Connecticut; born in Montville, Conn., October 20, 1754; attended the Hopkins Grammar School, New Haven, Conn., and graduated from Yale College in 1773; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1775 and commenced practice in New Haven, Conn.; served in the Revolutionary War and in 1779 was captain of the Governor's foot guards when New Haven was invaded by the British; member, State house of representatives 1780-1785; chosen as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1786 and 1788 but did not attend; member, State council 1789-1790; elected to the Second, Third, and Fourth Congresses and served from March 4, 1791, until his resignation in the fall of 1796, having been elected to the United States Senate on May 18, 1796, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Oliver Ellsworth; reelected in 1797, 1803, and 1809, and served from May 18, 1796, until June 10, 1810, when he resigned; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Sixth Congress; member of the Hartford convention in 1814; treasurer of Yale College 1782-1832; died in New Haven, Conn., December 29, 1832; interment in Grove Street Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 5 items.

Connecticut Historical Society

Hartford, CT
Papers: 209 letters and 2 volumes (1792-1825) in various collections. Personal, business, and political correspondence and papers. Correspondents include Jonathan Trumbull, Jeremiah Wadsworth, and Oliver Wolcott. Finding aid.

Connecticut State Library

Hartford, CT
Papers: 1777-1828. 12 items. Finding aid.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: 1 letter (June 29, 1806) to John Trumbull in Washington Irving's Life of Geroge Washington, Volume XIV, Miscellany, 1784-1860.

New Haven Colony Historical Society
Whitney Library

New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence and documents concerning Yale College, Grove Street Cemetery, Connecticut School Fund, and the Hartford Turnpike in Hillhouse family papers, 1773-1942. Finding aid.

New York Society Library

New York, NY
Papers: In Goodhue family papers, [ca. 1622-1895].

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Hillhouse family papers, 1707-1943 (bulk 1771-1938), 37 linear feet; in Chauncey family papers, 1675-1928; and Eli Whitney papers, 1716-1959 (bulk 1785-1881). Finding aid.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bacon, Leonard. Sketch of the Life and Public Services of Hon. James Hillhouse of New Haven: With a Notice of His Son, Augustus Lucas Hillhouse. New Haven: n.p., 1860.

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