HERBERT, Hilary Abner

HERBERT, Hilary Abner
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1834–1919

Biography

HERBERT, Hilary Abner, a Representative from Alabama; born in Laurens, Laurens County, S.C., March 12, 1834; moved with his parents to Greenville, Butler County, Ala., in 1846; attended the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa in 1853 and 1854 and the University of Virginia at Charlottesville in 1855 and 1856; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1857 and commenced practice in Greenville, Ala.; entered the Confederate service as captain of the Greenville Guards; promoted to the rank of colonel of the Eighth Regiment, Alabama Infantry; disabled at the Battle of the Wilderness May 6, 1864; resumed the practice of law in Greenville, Ala., until 1872, when he moved to Montgomery, Ala.; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fifth and to the seven succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1877-March 3, 1893); chairman, Committee on Naval Affairs (Forty-ninth, Fiftieth, and Fifty-second Congresses); served in the Cabinet of President Cleveland as Secretary of the Navy 1893-1897; located in Washington, D.C., and practiced law until his death; died in Tampa, Fla., March 6, 1919; interment in Oakwood Cemetery, Montgomery, Ala.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: 1919, 1 item. A letter from Hilary Herbert to former Governor Van Sant of Minnesota written on March 4, 1919. In the letter, Hilary Herbert advocates the League of Nations, and also comments on remarks made by Rep. Fiorello La Guardia concerning the proposed League of Nations.
Papers: 1903, 1 item. Includes reminiscences of Hilary Herbert covering all aspects of his life. Also includes a handwritten note by Hilary Herbert's niece describing the final days of his life.
Papers: In the Alabama State Capitol Building photographs, ca. 1850-1990, 0.66 cubic foot. Subjects covered in the photographs include Hilary A. Herbert.
Papers: In the Durr family papers, 1868-1968, 2.3 cubic feet. Subjects covered in the papers include Hilary Abner Herbert. A series description and index are available in the repository.
Papers: In the Ella Smith Herbert papers, 1879, 1 item. A letter from Ella Smith Herbert to Mrs. Amelia Horsler Lyons written in 1879. In the letter, Ella Herbert thanks Mrs. Lyons for her and her husband's support during Hilary Herbert's bid for Congress and discusses her thoughts on politics and political campaigns.
Papers: In the Robert McKee papers, 1861-1899, 2 cubic feet. Correspondents include Hilary Abner Herbert. The papers are also available on microfilm. A series description, container listing, and index available are available in the repository.
Papers: In the Montgomery County Alabama Probate Judge official bond books, 1817-1937, 4 volumes. Among the officials who filed bonds for office or signed as sureties on the bonds of elected officials include Hilary A. Herbert. A container listing is available in the repository.
Papers: In the William C. Oates papers, 1880-1904, 1 folder. Subjects covered in the papers include Hilary A. Herbert.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1906, 1 item. A letter from Hilary Abner Herbert to J. S. Crosby written on December 15, 1906. In the letter, Hilary Herbert is replying to his inquiry about the price of armor plate during his administration as secretary of the navy.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1864-1931, 2.5 linear feet. This collections includes correspondence, writings, speeches, and scrapbooks of Hilary A. Herbert. The correspondence is with friends, including many national politicians, concerning politics, foreign affairs, Reconstruction, and the race question. The collection also includes European travel notes, articles, a diary, scrapbooks of his career, and notes on his book The Abolition Crusade and Its Consequences. Reminiscences written by Hilary Herbert cover his early life, his education at the University of Alabama and the University of Virginia, his Confederate service, and his political career, and containing his reflections on slavery, abolition, the Civil War and Reconstruction, and the race question. The collection is also available on microfilm. An unpublished description of the collection is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Davis, Hugh C. "Hilary A. Herbert: Bourbon Apologist." Alabama Review 20 (July 1967): 216-25.

Fourtin, Maurice S. "Hilary Abner Herbert: Post Reconstruction Southern Politician." Master's thesis, University of Maryland, 1965.

Hammett, Hugh B. Hilary Abner Herbert: A Southerner Returns to the Union. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1976.

Herbert, Hilary Abner. The Abolition Crusade and its Consequences: Four Periods of American History. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1912.

------. "Alabama in Federal Politics." In Memorial Record of Alabama: A Concise Account of the State's Political, Military, Professional and Industrial Progress, Together with the Personal Memories of Many of its People, pp. 17-106. Madison, Wis..: Brant & Fuller, 1893. Reprint, Spartenburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1976.

------. An Address Delivered Before the Society of Alumni of the University of Virginia on Commencement Day, June 29, 1887. Lynchburg, Va.: J.P.Bell and Co., 1887.

------. "The Conditions of the Reconstruction Problem." Atlantic Monthly 87 (February 1901): 145-57.

------. "The Fifty Million Appropriation and its Lessons." Forum 25 (May 1898): 267-75.

------. "The Fight Off the Yalu River." North American Review 159 (November 1894): 513-28.

------. "The Gravest Crisis in Human History." Manufacturers Record 69 (1916): 43-44.

------. "Grover Cleveland and His Cabinet at Work." Century Magazine 85 (March 1913): 740-44.

------. History of the Arlington Confederate Movement. Washington: United Daughters of the Confederacy, 1914.

------. "The House of Representatives and the House of Commons." North American Review 158 (March 1894): 257-69.

------. "How Can We Redeem Alabama." Century Magazine 85 (April 1913): 854-62.

------. "The Lesson of Naval Review." North American Review 156 (June 1893): 641-47.

------. "Military Lessons of the Chino-Japanese War." North American Review 160 (June 1895): 685-98.

------. "Our Navy and Our Naval Policy." Munsey's Magazine 17 (May 1897): 182-86.

------. "A Plea For the Navy." Forum 24 (September 1897): 1-15.

------. "The Race Problem of the South." Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science 18 (1901): 95-101.

------. "Reciprocity and the Farmer." North American Review 154 (April 1892): 414-23.

------. "The Supreme Court in Politics." Montgomery, Ala.: Barrett & Co., printers, [1833?]

------. The Supreme Court of the United States and its Functions; Address of Hon. H. A. Herbert Before the Pennsylvania State Bar Association at Cresson, Pennsylvania. [N.p.], 1897.

------. The Tariff. Speech of Hon. Hilary A. Herbert, of Alabama, in the House of Representatives, Tuesday, April 22, 1884. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

------. "Why American Industry Languishes." North American Review 163 (October 1896): 488-95.

------. Why the Solid South? Or, Reconstruction and Its Results. Baltimore: R. H. Woodward, 1890.

Royall, Dora C. "Sketch of Col. Hilary Abner Herbert." The Researcher: A Magazine of History and Genealogical Exchange 2 (1927): 45-47.

Stabler, Carey V. "The Career of Hilary Abner Herbert." Master's thesis, University of Alabama, 1932.

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