HARRISON, Byron Patton (Pat)

HARRISON, Byron Patton (Pat)
Library of Congress


HARRISON, Byron Patton (Pat), a Representative and a Senator from Mississippi; born at Crystal Springs, Copiah County, Miss., August 29, 1881; attended the public schools; briefly attended the University of Mississippi and the University of Louisiana at Baton Rouge; taught school at Leakesville, Miss., and also studied law; admitted to the bar in 1902 and commenced practice in Leakesville, Miss.; district attorney for the second district of Mississippi 1906-1910, when he resigned; moved to Gulfport, Miss., in 1908; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-second and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1911-March 3, 1919); was not a candidate for renomination in 1918, having become a candidate for Senator; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1918; reelected in 1924, 1930, and again in 1936 and served from March 4, 1919, until his death; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Seventy-seventh Congress; chairman, Committee on Finance (Seventy-third through Seventy-seventh Congresses); died in Washington, D.C., June 22, 1941; services were held in the Chamber of the United States Senate; interment in Evergreen Cemetery, Gulfport, Miss.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Majority of papers destroyed.

Mississippi State University
Mitchell Memorial Library

Mississippi State, MS
Papers: Microfilm copies of documents (1903-1943) at University of Mississippi. Finding aid. Also miscellaneous items and photographs in various collections.

University of Mississippi
Archives and Special Collections

University, MS
Papers: 1883-1943 (bulk 1913-1941). 66 linear feet. Congressional and personal papers include the following: speeches; clippings; scrapbooks; original political cartoon drawings; photogrsphs; press releases; correspondence with federal, state, and provate individuals; legislation files; subject files; voting records; trip files; invitations; and political and campaign files. Online finding aid. http://purl.oclc.org/umarchives/MUM00222.

University of Southern Mississippi
McCain Library and Archives

Hattiesburg, MS
Oral History: Discussed in several interviews including Bidwell Adams, George E. Allen, Cooper Barby, Turner Catledge, and Hansford L. Simmons. Part of Mississippi Oral History Program.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Coker, William S. "Pat Harrison: The Formative Years." Journal of Mississippi History 25 (October 1963): 251-78.

___. "Pat Harrison: The Formative Years, 1911-1919." Master's thesis, University of Southern Mississippi, 1962.

___. "Pat Harrison--Strategy For Victory." Journal of Mississippi History 28 (November 1966): 267-85.

___. "Pat Harrison's Efforts to Reopen the Choctaw Citizenship Rolls." Southern Quarterly 3 (October 1964): 36-61.

Edmonson, Ben G. "Pat Harrison and Mississippi in the Presidential Elections of 1924 and 1928." Journal of Mississippi History 33 (November 1971): 333-50.

Grant, Philip A. "Editorial Reaction to the Harrison-Barkley Senate Leadership Contest, 1937." Journal of Mississippi History 36 (May 1974): 127-41.

Porter, David. "Senator Pat Harrison of Mississippi and the Reciprocal Trade Act of 1940." Journal of Mississippi History 36 (November 1974): 363-76.

Swain, Martha H. "The Harrison Education Bills, 1936-1941." Mississippi Quarterly 31 (Winter 1977-1978): 119-31.

___. "The Lion and the Fox: The Relationship of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Senator Pat Harrison." Journal of Mississippi History 38 (November 1976): 333-59.

___. Pat Harrison: The New Deal Years. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1978.

___. "Pat Harrison and the Social Security Act of 1935." Southern Quarterly 15 (October 1976): 1-14.

U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States: Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy, Byron Patton Harrison, Late a Senator from Mississippi. 77th Cong., 2d sess., 1942. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1944.

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