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HAMPTON, Wade, (grandfather of Wade Hampton), a Representative from South Carolina; born in Virginia in 1752; received a thorough education; engaged in agricultural pursuits; moved to South Carolina; served in the Revolutionary War as lieutenant colonel of the regiment of light dragoons in General Sumter's brigade of State troops; served in the state assembly, 1779-1786 and 1791; elected as a Republican to the Fourth Congress (March 4, 1795-March 3, 1797); unsuccessful candidate for reelection; elected to the Eighth Congress (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1805); unsuccessful candidate for reelection; colonel in the United States Army in 1808; appointed brigadier general in February 1809 and major general March 2, 1813; served in the War of 1812 until April 6, 1814, when he resigned; died in Columbia, S.C., on February 4, 1835; interment in Trinity Churchyard, Columbia, S.C.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library

Columbia, SC
Papers: In Hampton family papers, 1773-1956, 1,097 items. Includes his business correspondence. Unpublished finding aid in library.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 items.

Duke University
Rare Book, Manuscript and Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1791-1934, 45 items. A letter from Hampton is included in this collection of his grandson's correspondence.
Papers: In the Nathanael Greene papers, 1778-1786, 199 items. Hampton included among correspondents.
Papers: In the Seaborn Jones papers, 1761-1847, 169 items. Correspondents include Hampton.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1794. 1 indenture.
Papers: In Wade Hampton family papers, 1793-1889. 1 container.

The Morgan Library and Museum

New York, NY
Papers: 1781, 1 item. A letter written by Hampton on September 18, 1781.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1791-1908, approximately 300 items. Includes his business papers. Unpublished description in library.
Papers: In the Preston Davie collection, 1560-1903, 3.0 linear feet. Subjects include Hampton.
Papers: In the W.S. Hamilton papers, 1770-1888, 5.0 linear feet. Hamilton describes his service as an Army officer under Hampton.

University of Texas
The Center for American History

Austin, TX
Papers: In the Winchester family papers, 1783-1906, 14 linear feet. Hampton included among subjects.

Wisconsin Historical Society

Madison, WI
Papers: In the Thomas Sumter papers of the Draper manuscripts, 1763-1885, 4.6 cubic feet. Subjects include Hampton.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bridwell, Ronald Edward. "The South's Wealthiest Planter: Wade Hampton I of South Carolina, 1754-1835." Ph.D. diss., University of South Carolina, 1980.

Cauthern, Charles Edward, ed. Family Letters of the Three Wade Hamptons, 1782-1901. South Carolina Sesquicentennial Series, No. 4. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1953.

Cushing, Thomas H. (Thomas Humphrey). Trial of Col. Thomas H. Cushing before a general court-martial, which sat at Baton Rouge, on charges preferred against him by Brig. Gen. Wade Hampton. Reported by the late Judge Advocate. Philadelphia: Published by Moses Thomas, 1812.

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