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GOODRICH, Elizur, (brother of Chauncey Goodrich), a Representative from Connecticut; born in Durham, Middlesex County, Conn., March 24, 1761; pursued preparatory studies and was graduated from Yale College in 1779; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in New Haven in 1783; member of the State house of representatives 1795-1802, during which time he served as clerk of the house for six sessions and as speaker in two; Federalist presidential elector in 1796; elected as a Federalist to the Sixth Congress (March 4, 1799-March 3, 1801); had been reelected to the Seventh Congress, but resigned, effective March 3, 1801, having been appointed by President John Adams on February 19, 1801, collector of customs at New Haven; removed from that office by President Thomas Jefferson; elected in 1803 to the Governor's council, which office he held until the change in the State constitution in 1818; professor of law in Yale College 1801-1810; judge of the probate court 1802-1818; also chief judge of the county court 1805-1818; member of the city council and board of aldermen for several years; served as mayor of New Haven 1803-1822; member of the corporation of Yale College 1809-1818 and secretary of the same until 1846; died in New Haven, Conn., November 1, 1849; interment in Grove Street Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Connecticut Historical Society

Hartford, CT
Papers: 1821, 1 sheet. An appeal from Mayor Elizur Goodrich of New Haven, Conn., written on January, 29, 1821, soliciting donations from citizens of Simsbury, Conn., to aid those who suffered losses from the fire from October 26, 1820.

The Morgan Library and Museum
Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1825, 1 item. A letter from John Trumbull to Professor Elizur Goodrich written on July 22, 1825. In the letter, Trumbull writes concerning his portrait.

New Haven Museum

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the National and local historic figures papers, 1638-1980, approximately 2,000 items. Persons represented include Elizur Goodrich.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1800-1801, 3 items. The papers consist of letters from Elizur Goodrich to Stephen Twining. The first letter mentions the renomination of John Jay for chief justice. It is undated, but was written between October 1800, when Jay's successor Oliver Ellsworth sumbitted his resignation, and 20 January 1801, when John Marshall was nominated after Jay's refusal. The second letter, 15 December 1800, reports Zephaniah Swift's opinion of the situation in France: Napoleon aims to establish a monarchy and the people are ready to accept it. The third, 12 February 1801, reports from the floor of the House of Representatives during the balloting to break the electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr.

South Carolina Historical Society Library

Charleston, SC
Papers: 1800, 1 item. A letter from Elizur Goodrich to Timothy Pitkin written on December 12, 1800. In the letter, Goodrich reports that the electors for Jefferson and Burr in South Carolina have been chosen by a majority of thirteen and contends that "it would have been easy to have made a union for Jefferson and Pinckney."

Yale University Library
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Correspondence Maintained by Elizur Goodrich, Secretary of the Corporation, Yale College, 1825-1846, 1 envelope. The records consist of correspondence maintained by Elizur Goodrich, Yale Secretary, regarding honorary degree candidates.
Papers: In Goodrich family papers, 1782-1856. 4 feet. Unpublished finding aid in repository.
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