FESS, Simeon Davison

FESS, Simeon Davison
Library of Congress
1861–1936

Biography

FESS, Simeon Davison, a Representative and a Senator from Ohio; born on a farm near Harrod, Allen County, Ohio, December 11, 1861; attended the country schools; graduated from the Ohio Northern University at Ada in 1889; taught American history at Ohio Northern University 1889-1896, graduated from its law department in 1894, dean of the law department 1896-1900, and vice president of the university 1900-1902; graduate student and lecturer at the University of Chicago 1902-1907; president of Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, 1907-1917; editor and author; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1912; elected as a Republican to the Sixty-third and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1913-March 3, 1923); chairman, Committee on Education (Sixty-sixth and Sixty-seventh Congresses); did not seek renomination, having become a candidate for Senator; chairman of the Republican National Congressional Committee 1918-1922; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1922; reelected in 1928 and served from March 4, 1923, to January 3, 1935; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1934; Republican whip 1929-1933; chairman, Committee on the Library (Sixty-ninth through Seventy-second Congresses); chairman of the Republican National Committee 1930-1932; engaged in literary pursuits; died in Washington, D.C., December 23, 1936; interment in Glen Forest Cemetery, Yellow Springs, Ohio.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Antioch University
Olive Kettering Library

Yellow Springs, OH
Papers: 1905-1936. 1 linear foot and 2 scrapbooks. Chiefly newspapers clippings from his tenure as Antioch College president and service as U.S. senator, printed speeches and writings, and biographical material.

Georgetown University
Special Collections

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in the John C. Fitzpatrick papers.

Herbert Hoover Library

West Branch, IA
Papers: 2 folders (1922-1928); and 1 folder (1933-1936).

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in David Curtis Stephenson papers, 1922-1928.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1882-1937. 13 feet; 11,500 items. Correspondence, speeches, campaign material, and other papers relating chiefly to his activities as U.S. senator and his career as president of Antioch College. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Charles E. Hard papers, 1894-1941; Robert Henry Day papers, 1846-1936; and Frank Bartlette Willis papers, 1892-1928. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Howard Hyde Russell papers, 1840-1946; and John Robert Crouse autograph collection, [15--]-ca. 1946.

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1934.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Fess, Simeon D. Civics of Ohio. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1911.

___. History of Political Theory and Party Organization in the United States. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1910.

Nethers, John L. " 'Driest of Drys': Simeon D. Fess." Ohio History 79 (Summer-Autumn 1970): 178-92.

___. Simeon D. Fess: Educator & Politician. Brooklyn: Pageant-Poseidon, 1973.

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