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EPPES, John Wayles

1773–1823

Biography

EPPES, John Wayles, (son–in–law of Thomas Jefferson), a Representative and a Senator from Virginia; born at Eppington, Chesterfield County, Va., April 19, 1773; attended the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia; graduated from Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia in 1786; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1794 and commenced practice in Richmond, Va.; member, State house of delegates 1801-1803; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1811); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Twelfth Congress; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Eleventh Congress); engaged in agricultural pursuits; elected to the Thirteenth Congress (March 4, 1813-March 3, 1815); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Fourteenth Congress; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Thirteenth Congress); elected to the United States Senate in 1815, but declined to accept the seat; again elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1817, until December 4, 1819, when he resigned because of ill health; chairman, Committee on Finance (Fifteenth Congress); retired to his estate, 'Millbrooke,' in Buckingham County, Va., where he died September 13, 1823; interment in the private cemetery of the Eppes family at Millbrook, near Curdsville, Va.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

American Philosophical Society

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825 (available on microfilm).

Duke University
Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1807-1819. 15 items and 1 volume. Family correspondence, and reminiscences.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1813-1818. 5 letters.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: January 18, 1811. 1 letter.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1 foot (1783-1823) in various collections. Chiefly about the Jefferson family, some have political content. In part copies of letters at Duke; Massachusetts Historical Society; and the Jefferson National Expansion Project, St. Louis, MO. Finding aids.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections. Also photographs.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bailey, James H. "John Wayles Eppes, Planter and Politician." Master's thesis, University of Virginia, 1942.

Brant, Irving. "John W. Eppes, John Randolph, and Henry Adams." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 63 (July 1955): 251-56.

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Committee Assignments

  • House Committee - Ways and Means - Chair
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