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ELLIOT, James

1775–1839

Biography

ELLIOT, James, a Representative from Vermont; born in Gloucester, Mass., August 18, 1775; during his early years worked on a farm and clerked in a store; moved to Guilford, Vt., in 1790; served as a sergeant in the Indian war of 1793 in Ohio; published several works of poems and essays in 1798; clerk of the State house of representatives 1801-1803; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1803 and commenced practice in Brattleboro, Vt.; elected as a Federalist to the Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Congresses (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1809); published a newspaper in Philadelphia, Pa., on his retirement from Congress; served in the War of 1812 for a short time as captain; resumed the practice of law in Brattleboro, Vt.; clerk of the Windham County Court 1817-1835; member of the State house of representatives in 1818 and 1819; moved to Newfane, Vt.; register of the probate court 1822-1834; again served in the State house of representatives in 1837 and 1838; State's attorney of Windham County 1837-1839; died in Newfane, Vt., November 10, 1839; interment in Prospect Hill Cemetery, Brattleboro, Vt.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1794-1822. 48 letters. In the Chamberlain Collection. A small group of letters refer to his actions in the Army, to hostile tribes, his discharge from the Army, on the elections, on his candidacy for secretary, on postal matters, etc. Finding aid in repository. Partially restricted.

Vermont Historical Society

Montpelier, VT
Papers: 1802-1808. 1 inch. Congressional papers and correspondence, including a discussion about John Randolph and Samuel Chase. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Elliot, James. The Poetical and Miscellaneous Works of James Elliot, Citizen of Guilford, Vermont, and Late a Noncommissioned Officer in the Legion of the United States; in Four Books. Greenfield, MA: Printed by Thomas Dickman, for the author, 1798.

Huddleston, Eugene L. "Indians and Literature of the Federalist Era: The Case of James Elliot." New England Quarterly 44 (June 1971): 221-37.

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