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CUTTS, Richard



CUTTS, Richard, a Representative from Massachusetts; born on Cutts Island, Saco, Mass. (now Maine), June 28, 1771; attended rural and private schools; was graduated from Harvard University in 1790; studied law; engaged extensively in navigation and commercial pursuits; member of the State house of representatives in 1799 and 1800; elected as a Republican to the Seventh and the five succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1801-March 3, 1813); was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1812 to the Thirteenth Congress; appointed superintendent general of military supplies and served from 1813 to 1817; appointed Second Comptroller of the United States Treasury on March 6, 1817, and served in this capacity until March 21, 1829; died in Washington, D.C., April 7, 1845; interment in St. John's Graveyard; reinterment in Oak Hill Cemetery in 1857.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Virginia
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: ca. 1753-1886, 185 items. The collection consists chiefly of letters to Richard Cutts from noted individuals in the first quarter of the 19th century. Major topics include political apppointments and patronage; Republican Party politics; the Embargo; the War of 1812; foreign affairs in Europe; and family news and finances. People mentioned include John Q. Adams, John Armstrong, Aaron Burr, DeWitt Clinton, Benjamin W. Crowninshield, William H. Crawford, Henry Dearborn, Albert Gallatin, Elbridge Gerry, Nicholas Gilman, Andrew Jackson, James Monroe, Harrison Gray Otis, and Timothy Pickering. Specific topics include the Battle of Chrysler's Farm, the British attack on and burning of Washington, Battle of New Orleans, the U.S.S. Chesapeake, the U.S.S. Hornet's victory over the Peacock, Winchester's defeat in the River Raisin campaign, and the victory at Ft. Meigs. Also the Monroe-Pinckney treaty, right of deposit at New Orleans, Boston Harbor expenses, the Federalist Party, the Bank of the United States, the whaling industry, the salt business, smuggling, death of James Madison, travel in England and Scotland and the young Queen Victoria, typhoid fever among slaves, medical care in the U.S. army, and the tarring and feathering of an informer. The collection also contains invitations from Dolley Madison and envelopes franked by her; an invitation from Lydia Howard Sigourney; promissary notes signed by James Madison; a poem to John Quincy Adams and a commission signed by him; and a commission signed by Caleb Strong. Also brief genealogical materials on the Cutts family; two letters to Lucia Beverley Cutts (1886); newsclippings; Richard Cutts's Superintendant General of Military Supplies oath; obituaries; receipts for pew rent and a minister's salary (1752-1753); a printed appeal for biographical information on Harvard graduates from John Landgon Sibley; and a silhouette of Martha Jefferson Hackley Cutts. A guide to the papers is available in the repository.
Papers: 1809, 1 leaf. A letter from Richard Cutts to Thomas Cutts, written on March 19, 1809. In the letter, Richard Cutts writes of the latest news of Napoleon.
Papers: 1817, 1 leaf. A letter from James Madison to Richard Cutts written on December 6, 1817. In the letter, James Madison asks Richard Cutts to forward some letters and says his wife will write to her sister shortly.
Papers: In the Tracy W. McGregor Library, 1817, 1 item. A letter from James Madison to Richard Cutts written on October 12, 1817. In the letter, James Madison writes regarding a gardener for Montpelier, missing numbers of "Niles' Weekly Register" and his autographed copy of Marbois's history of Benedict Arnold's treason which Richard Rush has.
Papers: In the James Madison, Dolley Madison, and James Monroe Letters in the Tracy W. McGregor Library, 1804-1840, 28 items. Correspondents include Richard Cutts.

The Historical Society of Washington, D.C.

Washington, DC
Papers: 1805, 1 item. A letter from Richard Cutts to an unidentified correspondent written on January 21, 1805. In the letter, Richard Cutts writes regarding post office appointments in Portland, Maine, and the elections.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Cutts Family Papers, 1755-1905, 0.2 linear foot. Correspondence of members of the Cutts family, notes and copies of poems by Dolley Madison, writings of James Madison Cutts II, newspaper clippings, photographs, genealogical material, certificates, poems, and copies of poems by John Quincy Adams, Louisa Catherine Adams, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Correspondence relates chiefly to family matters with reference to political and social affairs in 19th century U.S. Correspondents include James Buchanan, Henry Clay, John J. Crittenden, Edward Everett, Millard Fillmore, and William McKinley.
Microfilm: In the Cutts Collection of James and Dolley Madison, 1775-1841, 1 reel. Originals privately owned. Microfilm via University of Chicago.
Papers: In the Key-Cutts-Turner Family Papers, 1808-1975, 11 letters. Letters of Richard Cutts written from Washington, D.C., to his father and brother, Thomas Cutts and Thomas Cutts, Jr., relating to the commercial and maritime embargo of the Jefferson and Madison administrations, the declaration of war against the British in 1812, and later peace negotiations. A finding aid is available in the library and online.

Maine Historical Society

Portland, ME
Papers: 1804, 1 item. A photocopy of a certificate to Richard Cutts of Pepperrellborough (now Saco), Maine, to represent the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in Congress, 5 Nov. 1804.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the Cutts-Madison Papers, 1759-1912, 2 boxes. The papers of Colonel Cutts'sinclude 19 letters of Robert E. Lee to General James Longstreet, Oct. 1862 - Apr. 1863 (and 1 from Jan. 1865), and correspondence, orders, and other documents relating to Richard Cutts's duties as aide to Union Gen. Henry W. Halleck. Among the papers are communications of Jefferson Davis with the Senate of the Confederate States of America and other Confederate documents. Richard Cutts's correspondents include Colonel John Cunningham Kelton and General Andrew Atkinson Humphreys. Other papers relate to Richard Cutts's service in the United States Coast Survey, including letters from James Alden of the surveying steamer Active, and notes on the geography, natural history, and inhabitants of the Pacific Coast. Also included are a few volumes of poetry kept by Mary Estelle Cutts.
Papers: In the William Eustis Papers, ca. 1727-1864, 1 box. Correspondents include Richard Cutts.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Burrage, Henry S. (Henry Sweetser). Richard Cutts. [Portland: N.p., 1897?]

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