CUTCHEON, Byron M., a Representative from Michigan; born in Pembroke, Merrimack County, N.H., May 11, 1836; attended the common schools and Pembroke Academy; taught school in Pembroke for several years; moved to Ypsilanti, Mich., in 1855; principal of Birmingham Academy, Oakland County, in 1857; attended Ypsilanti Seminary, and was graduated from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1861; professor of ancient languages in the Ypsilanti High School 1861 and 1862; enlisted in the Union Army in 1862 and served in the Twentieth Regiment, Michigan Infantry, attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel; commissioned colonel of the Twenty-seventh Regiment, Michigan Infantry November 12, 1864; commanded the Second Brigade, Second Division, Ninth Army Corps, from October 16, 1864, until his resignation on March 6, 1865; was graduated from the University of Michigan Law School in 1866; was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Ionia, Mich.; moved to Manistee, Mich., in 1867; member of the board of control of railroads of Michigan 1867-1883; city attorney of Manistee, Mich., 1870-1873; prosecuting attorney of Manistee County, Mich., in 1873 and 1874; regent of Michigan University 1875-1881; postmaster of Manistee, Mich., 1877-1883; elected as a Republican to the Forty-eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1883-March 3, 1891); chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Fifty-first Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress; awarded a Medal of Honor by Congress June 29, 1891, "for distinguished gallantry at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, Ky., May 10, 1863"; appointed civilian member of the Board of Ordnance and Fortifications by President Harrison in July 1891 and served until March 25, 1895; editorial writer for the Detroit Daily Tribune and Detroit Journal 1895-1897; resumed the practice of law in Grand Rapids, Mich.; died in Ypsilanti, Washtenaw County, Mich., April 12, 1908; interment in Highland Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Detroit Public Library
Burton Historical Manuscripts

Detroit, MI
Papers: 1840-1902, 11 linear feet and 41 volumes. The papers include correspondence and legal papers chiefly related to legal and political activities shedding light on practical politics, appointments to postmasters and other offices, education, temperance and legal, social and cultural conditions. Many papers are from the law firm of Bullis and Cutcheon. The materials also include a Manistee River Improvement Company letter book (1872-1885) and Robert M. Risdon estate land book and letter books.

Central Michigan University
Clarke Historical Library

Mount Pleasant, MI
Papers: ca. 1885, 1 item (2 pages). This reminiscence includes a brief summation of Byron M. Cutcheon's career up until the fall of 1863 and a detailed account of the death of a Colonel Smith.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1883-1888, 0.2 linear foot. The papers include the autobiography of Byron M. Cutcheon.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Cutcheon, Byron M. The American system. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

------. The bonded extension bill. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1884.

------. A national policy of public buildings. The public building at Detroit, Michigan. Speech of Hon. Byron M. Cutcheon, of Michigan, in the House of Representatives, Saturday, July 5, 1884. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1884.

------. The prohibition of the importation of "contract labor". Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1884.

------. Recollections of Burnside's East Tennessee campaign of 1863. Prepared by Companion Brevet Brigadier General Byron M. Cutcheon and read at the stated meeting of January 1, 1902. [Washington: N.p., 1902].

------. Smokeless powder, the facts stated. Washington, D.C.: Gibson Bros., printers, 1899.

------. The story of the Twentieth Michigan infantry, July 15th, 1862, to May 30th, 1865. Lansing, Mich.: R. Smith Printing Co., 1904.

------. A tribute to the life and character of James Abram Garfield. A memorial address delivered at Manistee, Sept. 25, 1881. [N.p., 1881].

United States. Congress. House. Committee on military affairs. Letter of Gen. Byron M. Cutcheon relating to H. R. 8989, to create a special roll, to be known as the "Volunteer retired list," before the Committee on military affairs, House of Representatives [dated Dec. 31, 1906]. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907.

Utley, Henry M. (Henry Munson), and Byron M. Cutcheon, comp. The class of sixty-one, University of Michigan and something about what "the boys" have been doing during forty years from 1861 to 1901. [Detroit: J. Bornman & Son], 1902.

------. Michigan as a province, territory and state, the twenty-sixth member of the federal Union. Advisory editor, Clarence M. Burton. [New York]: The Publishing Society of Michigan, 1906.

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