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CROWNINSHIELD, Jacob

1770–1808

Biography

CROWNINSHIELD, Jacob, (brother of Benjamin Williams Crowninshield), a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Salem, Mass., March 31, 1770; engaged in mercantile pursuits; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1798 to the Sixth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Dwight Foster; member of the State senate in 1801; was tendered the position of Secretary of the Navy by President Jefferson, but never entered upon his duties on account of ill health; elected as a Republican to the Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Congresses and served from March 4, 1803, until his death in Washington, D.C., on April 15, 1808; chairman, Committee on Commerce and Manufactures (Ninth Congress); interment in Harmony Grove Cemetery, Salem, Mass.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Crowninshield FamilyPapers, 1697-1909, 10 linear feet. Other authors include Jacob Crowninshield. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Edward Preble Papers, ca. 1680-1912, 8.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Jacob Crowninshield. A finding aid is available in the library.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1797-1807. 8 letters. Finding aid in repository.

Peabody Museum

Salem, MA
Papers: In the Crowninshield Family Papers, 1697-1909, 10 linear feet. Other authors include Jacob Crowninshield. A finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Crowninshield Family Papers, 1756-1864, 4.25 linear feet. Persons represented include Jacob Crowninshield. A finding aid is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Reinoehl, John H., ed. "Some Remarks on the American Trade: Jacob Crowninshield to James Madison, 1806." William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser., 16 (January 1959): 83-118.

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