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CROWELL, John

1780–1846

Biography

CROWELL, John, a Delegate from Alabama Territory and a Representative from Alabama; born in Halifax County, N.C., September 18, 1780; attended the public schools; moved to Alabama in 1815, having been appointed as agent of the Government to the Muscogees; settled in St. Stephens, Ala., in 1817; elected as a Delegate to the Fifteenth Congress and served from January 29, 1818, to March 3, 1819; upon the admission of Alabama as a State into the Union was elected as a Republican to the Sixteenth Congress and served from December 14, 1819, until March 3, 1821; in 1821 was appointed agent for the Creek Indians, then inhabiting western Georgia and eastern Alabama, and occupied that position until they were moved to the Indian Territory in 1836; died at Fort Mitchell, Ala., June 25, 1846; interment in a private cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: 1822-1830, 1 item. A photocopy of a journal of John Crowell which includes licenses and articles of agreement pertaining to his work with the Indians. The articles of agreement with the Creek Nation state that named individuals of color are free from bondage and slavery.
Papers: In the "Proceedings of the U.S. Commissioners appointed to treat with the Creek Indians," 1824-1825, 1 folder. Correspondence include John Crowell.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: ca. 1892, 1 item. A letter from "M.E.W." to the editor of the "Times" (place unknown). The writer was a niece of Col. John Crowell (1780-1846), a Creek Indian agent in Georgia and Alabama, 1821-1836, whose removal was demanded by the governor of Georgia. The letter defends Crowell against charges made against him at the time of the events and then later by historians, particularly Jared Sparks.
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