COX, James Middleton

1870–1957

Biography

COX, James Middleton, a Representative from Ohio; born on a farm near Jacksonburg, Butler County, Ohio, March 31, 1870; attended Butler County schools and Amanda (Ohio) High School; after two years of high school passed teacher's examination and at the age of 16 years began teaching school; commenced newspaper career as reporter on Middletown (Ohio) Signal and in 1892 went to work on the Cincinnati Enquirer; secretary to Congressman Paul Sorg 1894-1897; became owner and publisher of the Dayton Daily News in 1898, of the Springfield Daily News in 1903, of the Miami (Florida) News in 1923, of the Atlanta (Georgia) Journal in 1939, of the Dayton Journal and Herald in 1949, and of the Atlanta (Georgia) Constitution in 1950; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-first and Sixty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1909, until January 12, 1913, when he resigned, having been elected Governor; Governor of Ohio 1913-1915; unsuccessful candidate for reelection as Governor in 1914; again Governor of Ohio 1917-1921; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election as President of the United States in 1920; vice chairman of the United States delegation to the World Economic Conference at London in 1933 and president of its monetary commission; declined appointment to the United States Senate by Gov. Frank Lausche in 1946; retired from political life but continued his activities as newspaper publisher and owner of several radio and television stations; died in Dayton, Ohio, July 15, 1957; interment in Woodland Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Wright State University Library
Special Collections and Archives, Paul Laurence Dunbar Library

Dayton, OH
Papers: 1908-1957, 21 linear feet. The papers of James M. Cox contain correspondence, reports, speeches, photographs, newspaper clippings, and other printed material relating to Cox's long career as a journalist and politician. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Harold L. Ickes Papers, ca. 1815-1969, 221 linear feet. Individuals represented include James M. Cox. A finding aid is available in the library. The collection also is available on microfilm.
Papers: In the Joseph P. Tumulty Papers, ca. 1898-1969, approximately 73,000 items. Correspondents include James Cox. A finding aid is available in the library. The collection also is available on microfilm.
Papers: In the Robert Wickliffe Woolley Papers, ca. 1842-1958, approximately 17,000 items. Correspondents include James M. Cox. A finding aid is available in the library. The collection also is available on microfilm.
Papers: In the Washington Gladden Papers, 1847-1970, 33 cubic feet. Other authors include James M. Cox.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1913, 2 items. Letters from Governor James M. Cox to Major Moses Harris written on January 16 and April 11, 1913. In the letters, Governor Cox acknowledges the receipt of funds from the treasurer of the U.S. to aid state homes.
Papers: 1913-1920, 8.25 cubic feet. The papers of James M. Cox contain correspondence relating to administrative, legislative, and political matters, labor, penal, social, and tax reform, civil service, State finances, and recommendations for appointments, chiefly during Cox's first term (1913-15) as Governor. An inventory is available in the repository.
Papers: 1919, 1 item. A letter from James M. Cox to John L. Zimmerman written on February 21, 1919. In the letter, James Cox replies to the latter's plea for pressure on the War Department to speed demobilization. The letter is followed by a note of J.L. Zimmerman to Charles B. Zimmerman about personal and Springfield matters.
Papers: In James Edwin Campbell Papers, 1860-1924, 4 cubic feet. Correspondents include James M. Cox.
Papers: In the Newton Hamilton Fairbanks Papers, 1913-1934, 86 items. Correspondents include James M. Cox.
Papers: In the James Granville Johnson Papers, 1876-1937, 1.25 cubic feet. Other authors include James M. Cox.
Papers: In the Herve W. Miner Papers, 1912-1930, 0.25 cubic foot. Correspondents include James M. Cox.
Papers: In the Arthur Lovett Garford Papers, 1877-1933, 72 cubic feet. Other authors include James M. Cox.

The Ohio State University Archives

Columbus, OH
Papers: In the William Oxley Thompson Papers, ca. 1880-1933, 49 cubic feet. Correspondents include James M. Cox. An inventory is available in the repository.

Ohio University Library
Department of Archives and Special Collections

Athens, OH
Papers: 1917, 1 item. A letter from James M. Cox to Hon. Wm. G. McAdoo written on September 27, 1917. In the letter, James Cox thanks McAdoo for his congratulatory message.

Tennessee State Library and Archives

Nashville, TN
Papers: In the Cordell Hull Papers, ca. 1901-1932, 750 items. Correspondents include James M. Cox. A finding aid is available in the repository.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the Prohibition Party National Committee Records, 1872-1972, 8 linear feet and 2 volumes. Other authors include James M. Cox. A finding aid is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Babson, Roger Ward. Cox--The Man. New York: Brentano's, 1920.

Cebula, James E. James M. Cox: Journalist and Politician. New York: Garland, 1985.

Cox, James M. The government and the railways; address by Hon. James M. Cox, at the annual dinner of the Railway Business Association, December 11, 1913. [New York: N.p., 1913].

------. Journey Through My Years. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1946. Reprint, Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, [2004].

------. "Why Vote the Democratic Ticket." Forum 64 (September-October 1920): 151-7.

Grant, Philip A. "Congressional Campaigns of James M. Cox, 1908 and 1910." Ohio History 81 (Winter 1972): 4-14.

Morris, Charles E. The Progressive Democracy of James M. Cox. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1920.

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