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CHITTENDEN, Martin

1763–1840

Biography

CHITTENDEN, Martin, a Representative from Vermont; born in Salisbury, Conn., March 12, 1763; moved with his parents to Williston, Vt., in 1776; attended Mares School, and was graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., in 1789; engaged in agricultural and mercantile pursuits in Jericho, Vt.; appointed justice of the peace in October 1789; delegate to the State convention that ratified the Federal Constitution; aide-de-camp to Lieutenant Governor Olcott in 1790; clerk of the county court of Chittenden County 1790-1793; member of the State house of representatives 1790-1796; judge of the Chittenden County Court 1793-1795, and chief justice 1796-1813; captain of the First Militia in Jericho in 1793; lieutenant colonel commanding the First Regiment, Seventh Division, Vermont Militia, in 1794; brigadier general in 1799; major general 1799-1803; first collector of the census for Chittenden County; elected as a Federalist to the Eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1813); Governor of Vermont in 1814 and 1815; judge of probate 1821-1823; died in Williston, Chittenden County, Vt., September 5, 1840; interment in the Old Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Vermont Historical Society

Montpelier, VT
Papers: 1790-1878. 2 inches. Personal, business, and congressional papers and correspondence, including a letter (1805) discussing Samuel Chase and John Randolph and a letter (1809) about avoiding war with England. Also portraits. Finding aid in repository.

Vermont State Archives

Montpelier, VT
Papers: 13 letters and 25 documents (1782-1821) in Manuscript Vermont State papers. Papers relating to the State of Vermont. Finding aid in repository.

Wisconsin Historical Society
Library and Archives

Madison, WI
Papers: 1814, 1 folder. A commission made by Martin Chittenden, Governor of Vermont, to Justin Jacobs as ensign of the 9th Company of Infantry, 2nd Regiment, 1st Brigade and 3rd Division of the Militia of Vermont, Montpelier, June 1, 1814.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Chittenden, Martin. Mr. Chittenden's motion for a repeal of the embargo laws [microform]. City of Washington: A. & G. Way, printers, 1808.

Sharp, Solomon P. Mr. Sharp's motion relating to the conduct of Martin Chittenden, Governor of Vermont, in ... ordering the militia of that state, engaged in the service of the United States, to withdraw from their service [microform]. Washington: A. & G. Way, printers, 1814.

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