CARROLL, Charles (of Carrollton)

CARROLL, Charles (of Carrollton)
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1737–1832

Biography

CARROLL, Charles (of Carrollton), (cousin of Charles Carroll, the Barrister, and Daniel Carroll), a Delegate and a Senator from Maryland; born in Annapolis, Md., September 19, 1737; attended the Jesuits' College of Bohemia at Hermans Manor, Md., and the College of St. Omer in France; studied civil law at the College of Louis le Grand in Rheims, and common law in London; returned to Annapolis, Md., in 1765; delegate to the revolutionary convention of Maryland in 1775; Continental commissioner to Canada in 1776; member of the Board of War 1776-1777; Delegate to the Continental Congress 1776-1778; again elected to the Continental Congress in 1780, but declined to serve; was a signer of the Declaration of Independence; member, State senate 1777-1800; elected to the United States Senate in 1789; reelected in 1791 and served from March 4, 1789, to November 30, 1792, when, preferring to remain a State senator, he resigned because of a law passed by the Maryland legislature disqualifying the members of the State senate who held seats in Congress; retired to private life in 1801; involved in establishing the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company in 1828; died in Baltimore, Md., November 14, 1832; at the time of his death was the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence; interment in the chapel of Doughoregan Manor, near Ellicott City, Howard County, Md.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 17 items.

Georgetown University
Special Collections

Washington, DC
Papers: Ca. 1786-ca.1830. .25 foot. Manuscripts, letters, deeds, and family papers.

Hagley Museum and Library

Greenville, DE
Papers: In the Benjamin Henry Latrobe papers, 1788-1820. Microfiche edition, published for the Maryland Historical Society. Originals in various repositories.

Johns Hopkins University
Milton S. Eisenhower Library

Baltimore, MD
Papers: 7 items (1767, 1769, 1807, 1814, 1827, 1829, 1830) in Carroll and Greenway collections.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1 item (July 4, 1789) in George Washington papers; legal papers (1814, 1830-1832), financial papers (1785-1832), and family portraits in Carroll family papers, 1684-1837; in Daniel Carroll of Duddington papers, available on 8 microfilm reels; and correspondence in Joshua Johnson letterbook, 1785-1788, (part of Peter Force papers).

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore, MD
Papers: 1750s-1850s. Ca. 5,000 items. Correspondence, letterbooks, diaries, financial records, land records, and estate papers documenting activities as a delegate to the Continental Congress, as senator, and as member of board of directors of Baltimore & Ohio railroad. Subjects include the political situation in America, affairs in England, the Stamp Act, jurisdiction of the federal courts in criminal cases, business affairs, and the settlement of his estate. Available on 3 microfilm reels. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: 2 items (April 14, 1790; July 11, 1790) in Carroll-McTavish papers; additional items in several other collections; and portraits.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 19 items (1767-1828) in various collections. Finding aid.

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: Letters and documents in Louis Bamberger autograph collection, 1683-1929.

New York Public Library

New York, NY
Papers: 6 items (July 6, 1789-January 14, 1791) in Arents Tobacco collection.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 9 items (1777-1830); and 6 letters (1767-1822) on various topics and 1 Latin school exercise book (1752) in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

Rochester Public Library

Rochester, NY
Papers: A journal (1814) in the Howard Lawrence Osgood collection, 1776-1896.

Smithsonian Institution
Archives of American Art

Washington, DC
Papers: October 10, 1827. 1 item. Letter from Thomas Sully to Carroll regarding a portrait Sully painted of him. Available on microfilm.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: 1 item (July 18, 1790) in Signers of the Declaration of Independence autograph collection.

University of Maryland
McKeldin Library

College Park, MD
Papers: 20 legal documents, particularly summonses and bonds (1757-1838) in Maryland manuscripts collection.

University of San Francisco
Richard Gleeson Library

San Francisco, CA
Papers: 1768-1828. 70 items. Correspondence, daybook, account books and other papers relating to his financial affairs and the management of his estate, Carrollton.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 3 letters (1761-1763) from Charles Carroll to his son, Charles Carroll of Carrollton in Harry Baylor Taylor papers, 1761-1763, 1868-1967. Finding aid.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: Correspondence in the Charles Lee papers, 1759-1782.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: 3 microfilm reels of papers (1749-1832) published for the Maryland Historical Society.

The Charles Carroll of Carrollton Family Papers
Institute of Early American History and Culture

Williamsburg, VA
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Brown University, Providence, RI; Carroll County Public Library, Carrollton, KY; Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Rosenbach Museum and Library, Philadelphia, PA; Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ; and University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Carroll, Charles. Journal of Charles Carroll, 1776. 1876. Reprint. New York: New York Times, 1969. Originally published as Journal of Charles Carroll of Carrollton.

Crowl, Philip A., ed. "Charles Carroll's Plan of Government."American Historical Review 46 (April 1941): 588-95.

"Extracts from the Carroll Papers." Maryland Historical Magazine 10 (June 1915): 143-59; (September 1915): 218-58; (December 1915): 322-44; 11 (March 1916): 66-73; (June 1916): 175-89; (September 1916): 261-79; (December 1916): 322-48; 12 (March 1917): 21-41; (June 1917): 166-87; (September 1917): 276-96; (December 1917): 347-69; 13 (March 1918): 54-75; (June 1918): 171-79; (September 1918): 249-67; 14 (June 1919): 127-54; (September 1919): 272-93; (December 1919): 358-71; 15 (March 1920): 56-65; (June 1920): 194-201; (September 1920): 274-91; 16 (1921): 29-42.

Field, Thomas Meagher, ed. Unpublished Letters of Charles Carroll of Carrollton and of His Father, Charles Carroll of Doughoregan. New York: United States Catholic Historical Society, 1902.

Fitzgerald, Charles E. "Charles Carroll of Carrollton and the Constitution." Ph.D. dissertation, Fordham University, 1927.

Gurn, Joseph. Charles Carroll of Carrollton, 1737-1832. New York: P.J. Kenedy & Sons, 1932.

Hanley, Thomas O'Brien. Charles Carroll of Carrollton: The Making of a Revolutionary Gentleman. Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1970.

___. Revolutionary Statesman: Charles Carroll and the War. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1983.

___. "Young Mr. Carroll and Montesquieu." Maryland Historical Magazine 62 (December 1967): 394-418.

___, ed. The Charles Carroll Papers. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1971-1972. Microfilm. 3 reels and guide.

Hay, Robert P. "Charles Carroll and the Passing of the Revolutionary Generation." Maryland Historical Magazine 67 (Spring 1972): 54-62.

Hoffman, Ronald, ed. Dear Papa, Dear Charley: The Peregrinations of a Revolutionary Aristocrat, as Told by Charles Carroll of Carrollton and His Father Charles Carroll of Annapolis. Chapel Hill, NC : Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia, the Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, and the Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, by the University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Leonard, Lewis Alexander. Life of Charles Carroll of Carrollton. New York: Moffat, Yard & Co., 1918.

Maier, Pauline. "Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Dutiful Son and Revolutionary Politician." In The Old Revolutionaries: Political Lives in the Age of Samuel Adams, pp. 201-68. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980.

Papenfuse, Edward C. "An Undelivered Defense of a Winning Cause: Charles Carroll of Carrollton's 'Remarks on the Proposed Federal Constitution'." Maryland Historical Magazine 71 (Summer 1976): 220-51.

Paul, Peter J. "The Social Philosophy of Charles Carroll of Carrollton." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1947.

Phelan, Thomas P. "Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence." Journal of the American Irish Historical Society 17 (1918): 99-120.

Riley, Elihu S., ed. Correspondence of "First Citizen"--Charles Carroll of Carrollton, and "Antilon"--Daniel Dulany, Jr., 1773, With a History of Governor Eden's Administration in Maryland, 1769-1776. Baltimore: King Bros., State Printers, 1902.

Rowland, Kate Mason. Life of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, 1737-1832. 2 vols. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1898.

Smith, Ellen Hart. Charles Carroll of Carrollton. 1942. Reprint. New York: Russell & Russell, 1971.

Van Devanter, Ann C. "Anywhere So Long as There Be Freedom": Charles Carroll of Carrollton, His Family and His Maryland: An Exhibition and Catalogue. Baltimore: Baltimore Museum of Art, 1975.

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