BUCHANAN, James Paul

BUCHANAN, James Paul
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1867–1937

Biography

BUCHANAN, James Paul, (cousin of Edward William Pou), a Representative from Texas; born in Midway, Orangeburg County, S.C., April 30, 1867; moved to Texas in 1867 with his parents, who settled near Chapel Hill, Washington County; attended the district school; graduated from the law department of the University of Texas, Austin, Tex.,1889; admitted to the bar; lawyer, private practice; justice of the peace of Washington County, Tex., 1889-1892; prosecuting attorney, 1892-1899; district attorney for the twenty-first judicial district of Texas, 1899-1906; member of the Texas state house of representatives, 1906-1913; elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-third Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of United States Representative Albert Sidney Burleson; reelected to the Sixty-fourth and to the eleven succeeding Congresses (April 15, 1913-February 22, 1937); chair, Committee on Appropriations (Seventy-third through Seventy-fifth Congresses); died on February 22, 1937, in Washington, D.C.; interment in Prairie Lea Cemetery, Brenham, Tex.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

North Carolina Division of Archives and History
Archives and Records Section

Raleigh, NC
Papers: 1919-1926, 7 items. The papers relate to James Paul Buchanan's farm operations and his role as secretary and treasurer of the Wendell Farmer's Union Warehouse Company, chartered in 1919. The papers also contain a volume on the Warehouse Company with directors and stockholders minutes (May 1919-Feb. 3, 1923) chiefly concerning finances accrued from warehouse operations and debts and mortgages of the company, as well as a list of stockholders arranged by local union. Farm accounts (5 l., 1923-1926) including records of tobacco and cotton sales of James Buchanan and his tenants/sharecroppers are with the papers, and some tenants'/laborers' accounts, a brood stock record (1924), and a memorandum of accounts (1923) with records of various persons owing for fertilizer, soda, potash, corn, cotton seed, tobacco cloth and sticks, cucumber seed, potatoes, hay, meal, and other items.

University of Texas at Austin
Center for American History

Austin, TX
Papers: 1896-1954, approximately 229 linear feet. The papers of James Paul Buchanan contain correspondence, reports, financial records, legislative bills, legal documents, speeches, newspaper clippings, printed materials, notes, scrapbooks and photographs documenting his career, especially his service in the United States Congress. Also documented is information on Buchanan family relationships, especially activities and correspondence relating to his wife, Emma Nicholson Buchanan, and son James Paul Buchanan, Jr. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

United States. 75th Cong., 1st sess., 1937. House. Memorial services held in the House of Representatives of the United States, together with remarks presented in eulogy of James Paul Buchanan, late a Representative from Texas. Seventy-fifth Congress, first session. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1938.

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