BRYAN, William Jennings

BRYAN, William Jennings
Image courtesy of Library of Congress


BRYAN, William Jennings, (father of Ruth Bryan Owen), a Representative from Nebraska; born in Salem, Marion County, Ill., March 19, 1860; attended the public schools and Whipple Academy, Jacksonville, Ill.; was graduated from Illinois College, Jacksonville, Ill., in 1881; studied law at Union College in Chicago; was graduated in 1883 and commenced practice at Jacksonville, Ill., in 1883; moved to Lincoln, Nebr., in 1887 and continued the practice of law; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses (March 4, 1891-March 3, 1895); declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1894; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1894; delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1896, 1904, 1912, 1920, and 1924; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for President in 1896, 1900, and 1908; was endorsed by the Populist and Silver Republican Parties in the first and second campaigns; during the Spanish-American War raised the Third Regiment, Nebraska Volunteer Infantry, in May 1898 and was commissioned colonel; established a newspaper, "The Commoner," at Lincoln, Nebr., in 1901; engaged in editorial writing and delivering Chautauqua lectures; Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Wilson and served from March 4, 1913, until June 9, 1915, when he resigned; resumed his former pursuits of lecturing and writing; established his home in Miami, Fla., in 1921; died while attending court in Dayton, Tenn., July 26, 1925; interment in Arlington National Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1877-1940, 24.8 linear feet. Includes correspondence, military papers, diaries, speeches, printed matter, memoranda, phonograph records, scrapbooks, photographs, and memorabilia. The material concerns his public career 1902-1925, including his presidential campaign of 1896. An unpublished biography is also in the papers prepared by William Jennings Bryan's daughter, Grace Bryan Hargreaves. A finding aid is available in the Manuscript Reading Room.

Arkansas History Commission

Little Rock, AR
Papers: n.d., 1 item. Postcard from William Jennings Bryan in Hot Springs, Ark., to Antoinette Anderson in Washington, D.C.

Brigham Young University
Harold B. Lee Library

Provo, UT
Papers: In the Fred A. Rosenstock Autograph Collection, 12 items, 1894-1898. Includes handwritten, typed, and signed letters. Correspondents include John Brisben Walker, Mr. Seerley, Alston Ellis, and Arthur S. Handy.

Brooklyn Historical Society

Brooklyn, NY
Papers: In the Rev. Newell Dwight Hillis Papers, 1907 and 1914, 3 letters. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Bryan College
Archives and Special Collections

Dayton, TN
Papers: ca 1860-1930, approximately 12 cubic feet. This collection includes newspaper clippings, books by, about, and belonging to William Jennings Bryan, and photographs, including materials related to the John Thomas Scopes "Monkey" Trial" which was directly responsible for the founding of Bryan College. Also available are Edison cylinders of recordings by William Jennings Bryan and other items that are on loan to Bryan College from an anonymous donor. Realia include possessions of the Bryan family The collection is not cataloged but is indexed and must be used under the supervision of the Special Collections Librarian.

Copley Press
J.S. Copley Library

La Jolla, CA
Papers: 1921, 2 pages. In this letter, William Jennings Bryan refuses an invitation to debate. The correspondent is not identified.

Duke University
Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1903, 1 item. This letter was written on June 10, 1903, by William Jennings Bryan, editor of The Commoner. In the letter, William Jennings Bryan thanks Susan L. Avery for the articles she submitted.

Emory University
Special Collections Department, Robert W. Woodruff Library

Atlanta, GA
Papers: In the Warren A. Candler Papers, 1923; 1925, 2 letters. The papers contain 2 letters from William Jennings Bryan to Warren A. Candler, May 14, 1923 and April 14, 1925. Information on literary rights is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Ralph McGill Papers, 1905, 1 letter. The papers contain 1 letter from William Jennings Bryan to Ralph McGill, March 28, 1905.
Papers and Photographs: In the Raoul Family Papers, 1907, 2 letters. There are 2 letters from William Jennings Bryan to William Greene Raoul, September 25 [1907] and October 16 [1907]. There are also 2 photographs of William Jennings Bryan with William Greene Raoul and his daughters (ca. 1907).

The Filson Historical Society
Special Collections Department

Louisville, KY
Papers: 1910, 2 items. Includes a letter from William Jennings Bryan to Henry Watterson, May 13, 1910. In the letter, William Jennings Bryan discusses prohibition. Also included is an undated note introducing H.E. Kannapell and Irwin E. Beck of Louisville to Mr. Knight of Miami, Florida, notes their banking experience, and their desire to sell real estate.

Illinois State Historical Society

Springfield, IL
Papers: 1917, 1 item. This is a letter from William Jennings Bryan to Mr. Pierce, en route, May 11, 1917. The letter includes $100 to contribute to the expenses for advertising a lecture.
Papers: 1922, 1 letter. A letter from William Jennings Bryan to Mr. Woodburn discussing the most recent political meetings held in Florida.
Papers: n.d., 1 item. A questionnaire filled out by William Jennings Bryan regarding his personal interests, ambitions, etc.
Papers: 1902; 1909, 2 items. An 1909 letter from William Jennings Bryan to Robert Mackay discussing his editorial work and book review style. Also included is a 1909 speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln.
Papers: 1899, 1 item. A business letter from William Jennings Bryan to Thomas Whitaker, June 10, 1899, mentioning the Phillipine question and William Jennings Bryan's book Republic or Empire.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1900, 1 item. An autograph testimonial signed, September 30, 1900. This testimonial is written in pencil on a letter from Homer Davenport.

Natural History Museum Foundation

Los Angeles, CA
Papers: n.d., 1 page. A handwritten letter from William Jennings Bryan to Mrs. Coffin in regard to his efforts to acquire a handkerchief for Mrs. Coffin's church.

Nebraska State Historical Society

Lincoln, NE
Papers: 1883-1929, 6 cubic feet (ca. 2,000 items and 1 reel of microfilm). This collection contains correspondence, biographical material, clippings, speeches, and scrapbooks. Microfilm is copy of material at Occidental College. A finding aid is available in the repository:
Photographs: ca. 1860s-1925, 800 photographs. These images reflect William Jennings Bryan's life from his Illinois boyhood in the 1860s through his death following the Scopes trial in 1925.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1913-1914; 1923, 6 letters. Includes 5 items of official correspondence (1913-1914) and 1 personal letter (May 2, 1923). A finding aid is available in the repository.

The Newberry Library

Chicago, IL
Papers: In the Carter Harrison Papers, 1900-1914, 22 items. Includes 22 letters from William Jennings Bryan to Carter Harrison. The letter of July 20, 1904, also enclosed a copy of the Nebraska Democratic Platform, March 19, 1900. A letter from July 20, 1904, includes a copy of The Commoner, July 22, 1904.
Papers: In the John Tinney McCutcheon Papers, 1896-1923, 18 letters and 1 postcard. The correspondence is from William Jennings Bryan to John Tinney McCutcheon. Also included is a clipping of an editorial entitled, Beer vs. Whiskey, from The Commoner. Also included is a letter from William Jennings Bryan to Mr. Abbott, 1894, and a letter to Mr. Furbish, 1892.

Occidental College Library

Los Angeles, CA
Papers: 1880-1925, ca. 24 boxes.. This collection includes family correspondence and books. The collection is not cataloged or indexed and must be used under the supervision of the Special Collections Librarian.

Ohio State University

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1921, 2 items. Letters from William Jennings Bryan to M.L. Beard. The letters concern William Jennings Bryan's relationship with former governor James M. Cox, and regarding proper Democratic attitude toward the Washington Conference of 1921-1922.
Papers: 1900s, 1 item. A letter from William Jennings Bryan to Charles E. Belcher regarding the condition of the Democratic Party and the importance of the rank and file.
Papers: In the James Creelman Papers, 1890-1915, 4.5 linear feet. Correspondents include William Jennings library. The collection is restricted for research use in the library only. A partial index of correspondence is also available in the library.
Papers: In the William Oxley Thompson Papers, ca. 1880-1933, 49 cubic feet. Correspondents include William Jennings Bryan. The papers form part of the Records of The Ohio State University Office of the President (Record Group 3) and are available on microfiche for research use in the repository only. An inventory is available in the repository.

Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

Louisville, KY
Papers: 1925-1929, 14 items. Newspaper clippings cover Mr. Bryan as a hunter, his reminiscences about the Baltimore Convention, his nomination of Wilson, his last speech (on evolution), an article he wrote on Darwinism, and when he read from a manuscript.

Texas Tech University

Lubbock, TX
Papers: n.d., 1 letter. A personal reply from William Jennings Bryan to Mr. Chambers.

University of Chicago Library
Department of Special Collections

Chicago, IL
Papers: In the Robert Herrick Papers, 1915, 1 letter. A letter from William Jennings Bryan introducing Robert Herrick to U.S. diplomatic and consular officers in Europe, March 10, 1915.
Papers: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1903, 1 letter. A letter from William Jennings Bryan to Miss Francis [sic] E. Emerson, June 26, 1903.
Papers: In the President's Papers, 1889-1925, 1 letter. Includes a letter from William Jennings Bryan to Harry Pratt Judson and 2 letters from Harry Pratt Judson to William Jennings Bryan, 1915, along with related documents concerning the immigration of Japanese women students.

University of Texas
Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

Austin, TX
Papers: In the Harpers MagazineCollection, 1900, 1 letter. A letter from William Jennings Bryan to Harpers Magazine, June 6, 1900.
Papers: In the Elbert Hubbard Papers, 1909, 1 letter. A letter from William Jennings Bryan to Elbert Hubbard, January 25, 1909.
Papers: In the Robert Underwood Johnson Papers, 1913, 3 letters. Includes 2 letters from the secretary of William Jennings Bryan, M.M. Wyvell, to Robert Underwood Johnson, March 20 and May 22, 1913. Also include 1 letter from William Jennings Bryan to Robert Underwood Johnson, December 16, 1913.
Papers: In the Edgar Lee Masters Papers, 1900-1906, 7 letters. Includes 7 letters from William Jennings Bryan to Edgar Lee Masters, n.d., 1900-[1906].
Papers: In the Elisabet Ney Papers, 1900-1902, 7 photocopies. Includes 3 photocopies of a copyright document for a statue of William Jennings Bryan; a photocopy of a resolution [1902] by the Board of Trustees of the Dallas Public Library regarding receipt of a statue of William Jennings Bryan; a photocopy os a letter from William Jennings Bryan to Elisabet Ney, January 24, 1901, with a note by Mary B. Bryan; a photocopy of a letter from Elisabet Ney to William Jennings Bryan to Elisabet Ney, August 23, 1901; and a photocopy of a letter from Mary B. Bryan to Elisabet Ney, October 12, 1900.

Wheaton College
Billy Graham Center Archives

Wheaton, IL
Audio tapes: 1896; 1908, 1 reel of audio tape. A tape of speeches and recitation by William Jennings Bryan. Includes his Cross of Gold speech from the 1896 presidential convention, an election talk from 1908, and a recitation of the 23rd Psalm. A cassette copy and a finding aid is available in the repository reading room. A finding aid also is available online.

Wisconsin Historical Society
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: 1896, 0.1 cubic foot. A signed autographed letter, dated Lincoln, Nebraska, November 1896, from William Jennings Bryan to an unidentified person expressing his thanks for help in the campaign and his confidence of ultimate victory for their cause.
Papers: 1912, 0.1 cubic foot. The original typewritten resolution introduced by William Jennings Bryan at the Democratic Convention in Baltimore in 1912, which opposed the nomination of any candidate for president under obligation to J. Pierpont Morgan, Thomas F. Ryan, August Belmont, or others of the privilege-hunting...class; adopted June 27, 1912.
Papers: In the Clara Bewick Colby Papers, 1893; 1896, 3 letters. Includes 2 letters from William Jennings Bryan to Clara Bewick Colby enclosing his recommendation of Clara Colby for appointment to the Board of Lady Managers of the World's Columbian Exposition Committee on Awards.
Papers: In the William Theodore Evjue Papers, 1916; 1922, 5 letters and 4 telegrams. The exchange between William Jennings Bryan and William Theodore Evjue concerns William Jennings Bryan's trip to Madison, Wisconsin to speak in connection with anti-alcohol legislative efforts.
Papers: In the Rufus Ashley Lyman Papers, 1921, 2 letters. Includes 2 letters from William Jennings Bryan to Rufus Ashley Lyman concerning the transmission of a donation to West Minster Church in Lincoln, Nebraska where Rufus Lyman was session clerk at the time. William Jennings Bryan notes the unpredictability of his income which is dependent on lectures and writings, and his wife's ill health.
Papers: In the Theodore Albert Schroeder Papers, 1894, 1 letter. A letter from William Jennings Bryan to Theodore Albert Schroeder, dated August 31, 1894, concerning a personnel matter in a Washington office on which Theodore Schroeder had inquired.

Yale University Library
Microfilm Reference

New Haven, CT
Papers: 1913-1915, 4 reels. The records consist of 4 volumes of correspondence between Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan and Woodrow Wilson during the first 3 years of Woodrow Wilson's first term. The letters, arranged chronologically, range over topics that include political appointments, the Mexican Revolution, China and Japan, Nicaragua, the San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exposition, and the beginnings of World War I in Europe.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Alford, Richard Francis. "An Economic Analysis of the Nomination and Candidacy of William Jennings Bryan in 1896." Ph.D diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1976.

Allen, Leslie H. (Leslie Henri). Bryan and Darrow at Dayton; the record and documents of the "Bible-evolution trial." New York: A. Lee & Company, [1925]. Revised, edited and compiled by Leslie H. Allen. New York: Russell & Russell, [1967].

Allen, Robert A. William Jennings Bryan: Golden-tongued Orator. Illustrated by Peggy Trabalka. Milford, Mich.: Mott Media, 1992.

Anderson, David D. William Jennings Bryan. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1981.

Ashby, LeRoy. William Jennings Bryan: Champion of Democracy.Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1987.

Barcus, James S. The bommerang; or, Bryan's speech with the wind knocked out. New York: J. S. Barcus & Co., 1896.

Barnes, James A. "Myths of the Bryan Campaign." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 34 (December 1947): 367-404.

Bartholomew, Harvey Eugene. Bryan (the boy orator of the Platte) unveiled. [Chicago: N.p., 1908].

Bensel, Richard. Passion and Preferences: William Jennings Bryan and The 1896 Democratic National Convention. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Brown, John Howard. Bryan, Sewall and Honest Money will Bring Prosperity. New York: Derby and Miller Company, 1896

Bryan, William J. Address of Hon. William Jennings Bryan to the Forty-ninth General assembly of the state of Missouri. [Jefferson City: The Hugh Stephens co., printers, 1917].

------. Address of the Secretary of State, delivered at the opening session of the Pan American Financial Conference. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1915.

------. The Bible and its enemies [microform]: An address delivered at the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. [1921]. Chicago: Bible Institute Colportage Association, 1921.

------. British rule in India. [Westminster: British Committee on the Indian National Congress, 1906?]

------. Bryan's currency creed: A full exposure of his economic vagaries: Extracts from his Congressional speeches accompanied by appropriate comments. Currency creed. [Chicago?: N.p., 1894?]

------. "The causeless war" and its lessons for us. [Lincoln?, Neb.: N.p., 1915?]

------. Christ and his companions, famous figures of the New Testament. New York, Chicago [etc.]: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1925].

------. The Commoner condensed. New York: The Abbey press, [1902].

------. The Credo of the Commoner. Material selected by William Jennings Bryan, Jr. Edited by Franklin Modisett. Los Angeles: Printed at Occidental College, 1968.

------. The cross of gold: Speech delivered before the National Democratic Convention at Chicago, July 9, 1896. Introduction by Robert W. Cherny. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.

------. The Dawn of Humanity. Chicago, Ill., and Pasadena, Calif.: The Altruist Foundation, Incorporated, 1925.

------. A defense of county option, by William Jennings Bryan; speech (in part) of Hon. William Jennings Bryan before the democratic state convention at Grand Island, Nebraska, July 26, 1910, in support of the Minority report presented by him, as a member of the Resolutions committee. [N.p., 1910?]

------. Famous figures of the Old Testament. New York, Chicago [etc.]: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1923].

------. The First Battle. Chicago: Conkey, 1896. Reprint, a story of the campaign of 1896, by William J. Bryan, together with a collection of his speeches and a biographical sketch by his wife. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat Press, [1971].

------. The first commandment. New York, Chicago [etc.]: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1917].

------. The forces that make for peace; addresses at the Mohonk Conferences on International Arbitration, 1910 and 1911. Boston: World Peace Foundation, 1912.

------. Guaranteed banks, by William Jennings Bryan, Topeka, Kansas, August 27, 1908. Chicago: M.A. Donohue & Co., printers, [1908?]

------. Heart to heart appeals. New York, Chicago [etc.]: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1917].

------. Hon. William J. Bryan on the navy craze. From his address at the Mohonk conference, 1910. [N.p., n.d.]

------. Imperialism: Being the speech of Hon. William Jennings Bryan in response to the committee appointed to notify him of his nomination to the Presidency of the United States, delivered at Indianapolis, August 8th, 1900. Chicago: Allied Printing Trades Council, [1900?]

------. In His Image. New York, Chicago [etc.]: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1922]. Reprint, Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, [1971].

------. The Last Message of William Jennings Bryan. Foreword by Mrs. Bryan. New York, Chicago [etc.]: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1925].

------. Letters to a Chinese official; being a western view of eastern civilization. 1906. Reprint, Lincoln, Neb.: Commoner Pub. Co., 1909.

------. The making of a man. New York, Chicago [etc.]: Fleming H. Revell Co., [1914].

------. The menace of Darwinism, by William Jennings Bryan; being a reissue of chapter four from the author's volume "In His image," together with comments on the importance of its appeal, reasons for its separate publication and an abstract of the remaining chapters. New York, Chicago [etc.]: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1922].

------. The message from Bethlehem. New York, Chicago: Revell, [1914].

------. Mr. Bryan's peace plan. Address by Hon. William J. Bryan at the conference of the Interparliamentary Union at London, July 24, 1906. [Boston: World Peace Foundation, 1913].

------. The old world and its ways, by William Jennings Bryan; describing a tour around the world and journeys through Europe. St. Louis: The Thompson Publishing Company, 1907.

------. Orthodox Christianity versus modernism [microform]. New York: F.H. Revell, 1923.

------. The people's law; address of Hon. William Jennings Bryan, delivered at Columbus, Ohio, March 12, 1912, upon invitation of the Constitutional convention. [Washington?: N.p., 1912?] Reprint, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1914.

------. Prince of peace. Chicago: The Reilly & Britton Co., [1909]. Reprint, Independence, Mo.: Zion's Printing and Publishing Co., 1925.

------. Prohibition: Address by Hon. William Jennings Bryan, presenting in substance the line of argument followed by him in the sixty speeches made in Ohio during the week of October 25 to 30, 1915. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1916.

------. The real Bryan; being extracts from the speeches and writings of "a well-rounded man" ... Compiled by Richard L. Metcalfe. Des Moines, Iowa: Personal Help Publishing Company, 1908.

------. The royal art. New York Chicago: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1914].

------. The Second battle, or, The new Declaration of Independence, 1776-1900 [microform]: an account of the struggle of 1900. As discussed in selections from the writings of William J. Bryan and others. Chicago, Ill.: W.B. Conkey Co., 1900.

------. Selected Orations of William Jennings Bryan. Edited by R.M. Cornelius. Dayton, Tenn.: W. J. Bryan College, 1996.

------. Seven Questions in Dispute. New York, Chicago: Fleming H. Revell Company, [1924].

------. The signs of the times, to which is added Faith, an address delivered before several colleges. New York and London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1912.

------. Speech of William J. Bryan, Democratic nominee for president, delivered at notification meeting, Madison Square Garden, New York, August 12, 1896. [New York: N.p., 1896].

------. Speeches delivered by W. J. Bryan in Tokyo. [Tokyo: "Japan Times" Press, 1905?]

------. Speeches of William Jennings Bryan. 2 vols. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1913.

------. A Tale of Two Conventions. [1912]. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1974.

------. The tariff. Extracts from the speeches of Hon. Wm. J. Bryan. [New York: N.p., 1900?]

------. Tariff speech of William Jennings Bryan. Des Moines, Iowa: August 21, 1908.

------. Temperance lecture. [Atlantic City: N.p., 1916].

------. Thou shalt not steal; an address delivered before the Civic forum. New York City, February 4, 1908, by William Jennings Bryan; with portrait. New York: The Civic Forum, 1908.

------. Under other flags. Travels, lectures, speeches. Lincoln, Neb.: The Woodruff-Collins Printing Company, 1904.

------. The value of an ideal. New York, London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1914.

------. William Jennings Bryan; Selections. Edited by Ray Ginger. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, [1967].

------. William Jennings Bryan on British rule in India. [N. p., 1906?]

------. William Jennings Bryan on Orthodoxy, Modernism, and Evolution. Edited by Joel A. Carpenter. Reprint of Seven Questions in Dispute. New York: Garland Pub., 1988.

Bryan, William J., and Mary Baird Bryan. Memoirs of William Jennings Bryan, by Himself and his Wife. 2 vols. Philadelphia: John Winston Co., 1925. Reprint, Port Washington and New York: Kennikat, 1971.

Carter, Boyd. "William Jennings Bryan in Mexico." Nebraska History 41 (March 1960): 53-64.

Challener, Richard. "William Jennings Bryan." In Uncertain Tradition: American Secretaries of State in the Twentieth Century, edited by Norman A. Graebner, pp. 79-100. New York: McGraw, 1961.

Cherny, Robert W. A Righteous Cause: The Life of William Jennings Bryan. Boston: Little, Brown, 1985.

------, ed. "Dan Bride's Memoirs of William Jennings Bryan." Nebraska History 66 (Fall 1985): 369-83.

------. A Righteous Cause: The Life of William Jennings Bryan. Boston: Little, Brown, 1985.

Clements, Kendrick A. "'A Kindness to Carranza': William Jennings Bryan, International Harvester and Intervention in Yucatan." Nebraska History 57 (Winter 1976): 479-490.

------. "William Jennings Bryan and Democratic Foreign Policy, 1896-1915." Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1970.

------. William Jennings Bryan: Missionary Isolationist. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1982.

Cockran, William Bourke. Speech of Hon. W. Bourke Cockran in reply to Hon. William J. Bryan, delivered at Madison Square Garden, New York City, Tuesday, August 18th, 1896. Jersey City, N.J.: Jersey City Printing Co., [1896].

Coletta, Paolo E. "Bryan, Anti-imperialism and Missionary Diplomacy." Nebraska History 44 (September 1963): 167-188.

------. "Bryan at Baltimore, 1912: Wilson's Warwick?" Nebraska History 57 (Summer 1976): 201-225.

------. "Bryan, McKinley, and the Treaty of Paris." Pacific Historical Review 26 (May 1957): 131-46.

------. "The Most Thankless Task: Bryan and the California Alien Land Legislation." Pacific Historical Review 36 (May 1967): 163-188.

------. "The Patronage Battle Between Bryan and Hitchcock." Nebraska History 49 (Summer 1968): 121-37.

------. "Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan and Deserving Democrats." Mid-America 48 (April 1966): 78-98.

------. "Will the Real Progressive Stand Up? William Jennings Bryan and Theodore Roosevelt to 1909." Nebraska History 65 (Spring 1984): 15-57.

------. William Jennings Bryan. 2 vols. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1964-1969.

------. "William Jennings Bryan and Currency and Banking Reform." Nebraska History 45 (March 1964): 31-58.

------. "William Jennings Bryan and the United States-Columbia Impasse, 1903-1921." Hispanic-American Historical Review 47 (November 1967): 486-501.

------. William Jennings Bryan Political Evangelist, 1860-. Lincoln, Nebr.: University of Nebraska Press, 1964.

------. William Jennings Bryan Political Puritan, 1915-192. Lincoln, Nebr.: University of Nebraska Press, 1969.

------. William Jennings Bryan Progressive Politician and Mo. Lincoln, Nebr.: University of Nebraska Press, 1969.

------. "William Jennings Bryan's Plans for World Peace." Nebraska History 58 (Summer 1977): 193-217.

Condra, George Evert. Personal observations and experiences relating to William Jennings Bryan. [N.p., 192-?]

Curti, Merle Eugene. Bryan and World Peace New York: Octagon Books, 1969.

Daly, James J. "William Jennings Bryan and the Red River Valley Press, 1890-1896." North Dakota History 42 (Winter 1975): 26-37.

Daniels, Roger. "William Jennings Bryan and the Japanese." Southern California Quarterly 48 (Fall 1966): 227-240.

Darrow, Clarence. Clarence Darrow's Cross-examination of William Jennings Bryan in Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes. Foreword by Irving Younger. Minnetonka, Minn.: Professional Education Group, [1987].

Davis, Hayne, ed. Bryan among the Peace-Makers: Special Edition Issued in Connection with the Ovation to Mr. Bryan by Thousands of His Countrymen, Aug. 30, 1906. New York: Progressive Publishing, 1906.

Eggleston, Charles H. When Bryan came to Butte. Butte, Mont.: J. F. Davies, 1912.

Fite, Gilbert C. "William Jennings Bryan and the Campaign of 1896: Some Views and Problems." Nebraska History 47 (September 1966): 247-64.

Fosdick, Harry Emerson. Evolution and Mr. Bryan. Chicago: N.p., 1922.

Gale, Albert L., and George W. Kline. Bryan the Man, The Great Commoner at Close Range. St. Louis: Thompson, 1908.

Garraty, John A. "Bryan: The Progressives." American Heritage 13 (December 1961): 4-11.

Glad, Paul Wilbur. McKinley, Bryan, and the People. New York: Lippincott, 1964.

------. Trumpet Soundeth; William Jennings Bryan and his Democracy, 1896-1912. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1960.

------, ed. William Jennings Bryan: A Profile. New York: Hill & Wang, 1968.

Grant, Philip A., Jr. "William Jennings Bryan and the Presidential Election of 1916." Nebraska History 63 (Winter 1982): 531-41.

Herrick, Genevieve F., and John 0. The Life of William Jennings Bryan. Chicago: Buxton, 1925.

Hibben, Paxton. The Peerless Leader: William Jennings Bryan.New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1929.

Himmelberg, Robert F., and Raymond J. Cunningham, eds. "William Jennings Bryan, Orlando Jay Smith, and the Founding of The Commoner: Some New Bryan Letters." Nebraska History 48 (Spring 1966): 69-79.

Hollingsworth, J. Rogers (Joseph Rogers). The Whirligig of Politics; The Democracy of Cleveland and Bryan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, [1963].

House, Boyce. "Bryan at Baltimore: The Democratic National Convention of 1912." Nebraska History 41 (March 1960): 29-51.

Johnson, J.R. "William Jennings Bryan, the Soldier." Nebraska History 31 (June 1950): 95-106.

Kaplan, Edward S. "The Latin American Policy of William Jennings Bryan, 1913-1915." Ph.D. diss., New York University, 1970.

------. "William Jennings Bryan and the Panama Canal Tools Controversy." Mid-America 56 (April 1974): 100-108.

Kazin, Michael. A Godly Hero: The Life of William Jennings Bryan. New York: Knopf, 2006.

Koenig, Louis W. Bryan: A Political Biography of William Jennings Bryan. New York: Putnam, 1971.

------. "First Hurrah." American Heritage 31 (April 1980): 4-11.

Kosner, Alice. The Voice of the People: William Jennings Bryan. New York: J. Messner, [1970].

Levine, Lawrence W. Defender of the Faith: William Jennings Bryan: The Last Decade, 1915-1925. New York: Oxford University Press, 1965. Reprint, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Lindeen, Shirley Ann K. "The Political Party Philosophies of William Jennings Bryan and George W. Norris." Ph.D. diss., University of Nebraska, 1971.

Lindeen, Shirley Ann K. and James W. Lindeen. "Bryan, Norris and the Doctrine of Party Responsibility." American Studies 11 (Spring 1970): 45-53.

Long, John C. Bryan, the Great Commoner. New York and London: D. Appleton, 1928.

Melder, Keith E. Bryan, The Campaigner. [Washington: Smithsonian Institution; for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1965].

Merriam, Charles Edward. "William Jennings Bryan." In Four American Party Leaders, pp. 63-84. 1926. Reprint. Freeport, N.Y.: Books For Libraries Press, Inc., 1967.

Metcalf, Richard L. The Life and Patriotic Services of Hon. William J. Bryan, . . . Also the Life of Hon. Arthur Sewall. Omaha, Nebr.: Edgewood, 1896.

Mitchell, George C. William Jennings Bryan and American neutrality, 1914-1917. [Washington]: N.p., 1946.

[Mizner, Thomas W.] Bryan the brave, the light of silver freedom. [Detroit]: Seaside Press, [1896].

[Mutz, Sterling Faan]. Bryan, the missionary. [Lincoln? Neb.: N.p., 1942].

Nagle, Roger. "An Historical Evaluation of William Jennings Bryan: His Public Career and Political Ideals, 1891-1915." Ph.D. diss., St. John's University, 1955.

Newbranch, Harvey Ellsworth. William Jennings Bryan; a concise but complete story of his life and services. Lincoln, Neb.: The University Publishing Co., 1900.

Ogilvie, John Stuart, ed. Life and speeches of William J. Bryan. New York: J. S. Ogilvie Publishing Company, 1896.

Ogle, Arthur Bud. "Above the World: William Jennings Bryan's View of the American Nation in International Affairs." Nebraska History 61 (Summer 1980): 153-71.

Peterson, Paul V. "William Jennings Bryan: World-Herald Editor." Nebraska History 49 (Winter 1968): 349-71.

Potter, Rex M. William Jennings Bryan, the great commoner. Prepared by the staff of the Public Library of Fort Wayne and Allen County. Fort Wayne: [N.p.], 1961.

Proctor, Samuel. "William Jennings Bryan and the University of Florida." Florida Historical Quarterly 39 (July 1960): 1-15.

------, ed. "From Nebraska to Florida--A Memorandum Written by William Jennings Bryan." Nebraska History 36 (December 1955): 59-65.

Rice, Roy Eugene. "Religion, Democratic Ideology, and Change---A Study of the Traditionalistic Populism of William Jennings Bryan, 1896-1925." Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1970.

Rosser, Charles McDaniel. The Crusading Commoner, a close-up of William Jennings Bryan and his times, by Dr. Charles McDaniel Rosser, with an introductory foreword by Josephus Daniels. Dallas, Tex.: Mathis, Van Nort & Co., [1937].

Russell, C. Allyn. "William Jennings Bryan: Statesman - Fundamentalist." Journal of Presbyterian History 53 (Summer 1975): 93-119.

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