List of Individuals Impeached by the House of Representatives

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“The President, Vice President and all Civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.”
— U.S. Constitution, Article II, section 4

  

Read more about the House's Power of Impeachment.

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The Constitution gives the House of Representatives “the sole Power of Impeachment” (Article I, Section 2) of federal officers and gives the Senate “the sole Power to try all Impeachments” (Article I, Section 3). In the constitutional procedure of impeachment and removal, the House serves in the role of a grand jury bringing charges against an officer suspected of “Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors” (Article II, Section 4).

Since the House initiates this procedure, it also appoints impeachment managers to conduct the case against the officer in the Senate proceeding. From the early 20th century forward, the preferred method of selecting managers has been by a House Resolution naming the number and the persons of the committee of managers. In some instances, the House has, by resolution, fixed the number of managers and authorized the Speaker to appoint them. Managers also have been elected by ballot of the full House with a majority vote for each candidate.1

Contemporary practice has given the Judiciary Committee jurisdiction over possible impeachments. Recent impeachments have included articles of impeachment in the resolution sent to the Senate, and impeachment managers have tended to be from the Committee.

IndividualPositionHouse Action/ChargesHouse ManagersSenate TrialResult
William BlountU.S. Senator from TennesseeImpeached July 7, 1797, on charges of conspiring to assist in Great Britain’s attempt to seize Spanish-controlled territories in modern-day Florida and LouisianaJames A. Bayard, Sr.; Samuel W. Dana; John Dennis; Thomas Evans; William Gordon; Robert G. Harper; Hezekiah L. Hosmer; James H. Imlay; Thomas Pinckney; Samuel Sewall; Samuel Sitgreaves; John Wilkes KitteraDecember 17, 1798–January 14, 1799Charges dismissed for want of jurisdiction; Blount had been expelled from the U.S. Senate before his trial.
John PickeringJudge, U.S. district court, District of New HampshireImpeached March 2, 1803, on charges of intoxication on the bench and unlawful handling of property claimsWilliam Blackledge; John Boyle; George W. Campbell; Joseph Clay; Peter Early; William Eustis; Samuel L. Mitchill; Thomas Newton, Jr.; Joseph H. Nicholson; John Randolph; Caesar A. RodneyMarch 3, 1803–March 12, 1804Found guilty; removed from office
Samuel ChaseAssociate Justice, U.S. Supreme CourtImpeached March 12, 1804, on charges of arbitrary and oppressive conduct of trials John Boyle; George W. Campbell; Peter Early; Roger Nelson, replaced by Christopher Clark; Joseph H. Nicholson; John Randolph; Caesar A. Rodney December 7, 1804–March 1, 1805Acquitted
James H. PeckJudge, U.S. district court, Western district of TennesseeImpeached April 24, 1830, on charges of abuse of the contempt powerGeorge McDuffie; Ambrose Spencer; Henry R. Storrs; Charles A. Wickliffe; James BuchananApril 26, 1830–January 31, 1831Acquitted
West H. HumphreysJudge, U.S. district court, Western district of TennesseeImpeached May 6, 1862, on charges of refusing to hold court and waging war against the U.S. GovernmentJohn A. Bingham; George W. Dunlap; John Hickman; George H. Pendleton; Charles R. TrainJune 9, 1862–June 26, 1862Found guilty; removed from office and disqualified from future office
Andrew JohnsonPresident of the United StatesImpeached February 24, 1868, on charges of violating the Tenure of Office Act by removing Secretary of War Edwin Stanton from officeJohn A. Bingham; George S. Boutwell; Benjamin F. Butler; John A Logan; Thaddeus Stevens; Thomas Williams; James F. WilsonFebruary 25–May 26, 1868Acquitted
Mark H. DelahayJudge, U.S. district court, KansasImpeached February 28, 1873, on charges of intoxication on the benchNo managers appointedNo trial heldResigned prior to trial
William W. BelknapU.S. Secretary of WarImpeached March 2, 1876, on charges of criminal disregard for his office and accepting payments in exchange for making official appointmentsGeorge F. Hoar; George A. Jenks; James P. Knott; Elbridge G. Lapham; Scott Lord; William P. Lynde; John A. McMahonMarch 3–August 1, 1876Acquitted
Charles SwayneJudge, U.S. district court, Northern district of FloridaImpeached December 13, 1904, on charges of abuse of contempt power and other misuses of officeDavid A. De Armond; Henry De Lamar Clayton; Marlin E. Olmsted; Henry W. Palmer; James B. Perkins; Samuel L. Powers; David H. SmithDecember 14, 1904–February 27, 1905Acquitted
Robert W. ArchbaldAssociate judge, U.S. Commerce CourtImpeached July 11, 1912, on charges of improper business relationship with litigantsHenry De Lamar Clayton; John W. Davis; John C. Floyd; Leonard P. Howland; George W. Norris; John A. Sterling; Edwin Y. WebbJuly 13, 1912–January 13, 1913Found guilty; removed from office and disqualified from future office
George W. EnglishJudge, U.S. district court, Eastern district of IllinoisImpeached April 1, 1926, on charges of abuse of powerWilliam D. Boies; Frederick H. Dominick; Ira G. Hersey; Earl C. Michener; Andrew J. Montague; Charles E. Moore; George R. Stobbs; John N. Tillman; Hatton SumnersApril 23–December 13, 1926Resigned November 4, 1926; proceedings dismissed December 13, 1926
Harold LouderbackJudge, U.S. district court, Northern district of CaliforniaImpeached February 24, 1933, on charges of favoritism in the appointment of bankruptcy receiversHatton Sumners; Gordon W. Browning; Randolph Perkins; Ulysses S. Guyer;Lawrence Lewis; James E. Major2May 15–24, 1933Acquitted
Halsted L. RitterJudge, U.S. district court, Southern district of FloridaImpeached March 2, 1936, on charges of favoritism in the appointment of bankruptcy receivers and practicing law as a sitting judgeSamuel F. Hobbs; Randolph Perkins; Hatton SumnersMarch 10–April 17, 1936Found guilty; removed from office
Harry E. ClaiborneJudge, U.S. district court of NevadaImpeached July 22, 1986, on charges of income tax evasion and of remaining on the bench following criminal convictionPeter W. Rodino, Jr.; Robert W. Kastenmeier; William J. Hughes; Roman L. Mazzoli; Dan Glickman; Hamilton Fish, Jr.; Henry J. Hyde; Thomas N. Kindness; Michael DeWineOctober 7–9, 1986Found guilty; removed from office
Alcee L. HastingsJudge, U.S. district court, Southern district of FloridaImpeached August 3, 1988, on charges of perjury and conspiring to solicit a bribeJohn Conyers, Jr.; John Bryant; Hamilton Fish, Jr.; George Gekas; Jack Brooks; Michael Synar3October 18–20, 1989Found guilty; removed from office
Walter L. NixonJudge, U.S. district court, Southern district of MississippiImpeached May 10, 1989, on charges of perjury before a federal grand juryJack Brooks; William (Donlon) Edwards; Benjamin L. Cardin; Frank James Sensenbrenner, Jr.; William E. DannemeyerNovember 1–3, 1989Found guilty; removed from office
William J. ClintonPresident of the United StatesImpeached December 19, 1998, on charges of lying under oath to a federal grand jury and obstruction of justiceBob Barr; Ed Bryant; Steve E. Buyer; Charles T. Canady; Chris Cannon; Steve Chabot; George W. Gekas; Lindsey Graham; Asa Hutchinson; Henry J. Hyde; Ira W. McCollum, Jr.; James E. Rogan; Frank James Sensenbrenner, Jr.January 7–February 12, 1999Acquitted
Samuel B. KentJudge, U.S. district court for the Southern district of TexasImpeached June 19, 2009, on charges of sexual assault, obstructing and impeding an official proceeding, and making false and misleading statementsAdam Schiff; Zoe Lofgren; Hank Johnson; Robert Goodlatte; Frank James Sensenbrenner, Jr.June 24–July 22, 2009Resigned June 30, 2009 before the completion of the trial; H. Res. 661 ended the proceedings
G. Thomas Porteous, Jr.Judge, U.S. district court, Eastern district of LouisianaImpeached March 11, 2010, on charges of accepting bribes and making false statements under penalty of perjuryAdam Schiff; Zoe Lofgren; Hank Johnson; Robert Goodlatte; Frank James Sensenbrenner, Jr.December 7–8, 2010Found guilty; removed from office and disqualified from holding future office

Footnotes

1See Cannon's Precedents, Volume 4 §467.

2The original impeachment manager resolution, H.Res. 402 (72nd Cong., 2nd sess.), was followed by H.Res. 70 (73rd Cong., 1st sess.) which added Randolph Perkins and Ulysses S. Guyer as managers to succeed Fiorello LaGuardia and Charles I. Sparks, who had left the House at the end of the 72nd Congress (1931–1933). With H.Res. 93 (73rd Cong., 1st sess.), Lawrence Lewis and James E. Major were added as managers and Malcom Tarver resigned as a manager. These changes all occurred before the commencement of the Senate trial.

3The original impeachment resolution, H.Res. 511 (100th Cong., 2nd sess.), was followed by H.Res. 12 (101st Cong., 1st sess.) which added Jack Brooks to succeed Peter W. Rodino, Jr. With H.Res. 69 (101st Cong, 1st sess.), Michael Synar replaced William (Don) Edwards. These changes all occurred before the commencement of the Senate trial.