During House debate on the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Rules Committee Chairman Howard W. Smith introduced an amendment to the equal employment section of the bill. This excerpt from the engrossing copy of the bill shows Smith’s amendment in the top left. (Click on the fifth thumbnail image to view the amendment.) The amendment added the word “sex” to several lines of the bill, which would protect women from employment discrimination. Despite speculation that Smith, who opposed racial integration, added the language to derail the bill, some women Members supported the amendment, and it ultimately passed.
Using a copy of the bill, a reading clerk adds amendments that are offered by Representatives. This process, called engrossing, which happens during debate on the House Floor, is shown in this document.