House Joint Resolution 1 (H. J. Res. 1) proposing an amendment to the Constitution extending voting rights to women was introduced in the House on May 19, 1919, and referred to the House Committee on Woman Suffrage. The fight for women’s suffrage began when Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott presented a “Declaration of Sentiments” at the 1848 women’s rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York. Jeannette Rankin
, the first woman elected to Congress and long-time suffragist, led the first House debate and passage of the amendment in January 1918, though it failed to pass the Senate before the conclusion of the 65th Congress a few months later. H. J. Res. 1 passed the House on May 21, 1919, followed by the Senate on June 4. The amendment achieved ratification in three-fourths of the states, and the U.S. Secretary of State certified it as the 19th Amendment to the Constitution on August 26, 1920, allowing women nationwide to head to the polls that November.