This handwritten version of H.R. 357 provides a temporary government for the territory of Arizona, separating it from the territory of New Mexico in 1862. The author of this handwritten bill is not identified; however, Ohio Representative James Mitchell Ashley
reported H.R. 357 while serving as the Chairman of the Committee on Territories. Written in the midst of the Civil War, Section 3 of the bill is of particular interest because it outlaws slavery in the new territory. Some sections are deleted in this version of the bill, specifically those stipulating that if any state arising from the territory later declared war on the United States, then the state would revert to a territory and surrender control to the federal government. The act was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln
in February 1863, and 50 years later Arizona became a state in 1912.