According to the House report recommending passage of the bill, the intent of H.R. 6293 was to “make available to the national defense, when needed, the knowledge, skill, and special training of the women of this Nation.” Before serving in Congress, Representative Edith Nourse Rogers
worked overseas during World War I inspecting field hospitals and saw women who served on a contractual or voluntary basis receive no legal protection or medical care for their essential service. This experience influenced Rogers to sponsor the legislation. When the bill became law in 1942, it formalized the indispensable role women played in the military during wartime and compensated them for their service and in the event of injury or illness.