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Roy-Jenks Contested Election Ballot

Roy-Jenks Contested Election Ballot/tiles/non-collection/e/ec_003imgtile1.xml
Image courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration
Roy-Jenks Contested Election Ballot/tiles/non-collection/e/ec_003imgtile2.xml
Image courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration


In the summer of 1937, the House was busy investigating a contested election dispute between two candidates from New Hampshire. Arthur Byron Jenks was elected to represent a district in the southeastern part of the state in November 1936. His opponent, Alphonse Roy, thought the seat rightfully belonged to him and contested the election. After a series of recounts, the Ballot Law Commission of New Hampshire decided in Jenks’s favor. Not satisfied with the state’s decision, Roy took his case to Congress.

At Roy's request, the House Committee on Elections No. 3 began an investigation into purported missing votes from Newton, New Hampshire, that would have declared his opponent the winner. Seven members of the committee arrived in Newton in August 1937 and spent several days hearing citizens testify whether they voted in the November 1936 election. It determined that no ballots had gone missing and that Roy was the winner. When the House convened at the Capitol on June 9, 1938, it spent three hours debating the committee’s decision before eventually agreeing that the seat belonged to Roy and swearing him in shortly thereafter. His victory was short-lived, however, when Jenks won the seat back in November.

This ballot sheet listing the votes cast in Newton was compiled by the House Committee on Elections No. 3 as evidence in the case.

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