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The shortest period of service for a Speaker on record

March 03, 1869
The shortest period of service for a Speaker on record Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
On the final day of the 40th Congress, Theodore Pomeroy of New York became Speaker of the House for one day—the shortest period of service for a Speaker on record. When House Speaker Schuyler Colfax of Indiana resigned to become Vice President in the incoming Ulysses S. Grant administration, the House chose Pomeroy, who was retiring the following day, to succeed Colfax. Henry Dawes of Massachusetts introduced the motion to elect Pomeroy and, after it passed without dissent, administered the oath of office. During his eight years in the House (1861–1869) Pomeroy served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department and the Committee on Banking and Currency. Affable and well-liked by Representatives from both parties, Pomeroy gave a brief speech thanking the Members “for the kind personal consideration which is involved in my unanimous election to this most honorable position.”

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