Historiography and Structure of this Volume

Spark M. Matsunaga Campaign Button/tiles/non-collection/A/APA_intro_22_MatsunagaButton_HC.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, Gift of Trent LeDoux
About this object
A campaign button promotes the re-election of Representative Spark M. Matsunaga. During his youth, Matsunaga was teasingly nicknamed “Spark” and “Sparky” by his friends. After World War II, the future Representative and Senator from Hawaii legally changed his first name to “Spark.”
The 107th Congress (2001–2003) ordered the production of new editions of Women in Congress, Black Americans in Congress, and Hispanic Americans in Congress. At the same time, Congress also mandated the preparation of a new publication, Asian and Pacific Islander Americans in Congress.22 In the spring of 2001, Delegate Robert A. Underwood of Guam submitted House Concurrent Resolution 130. The resolution, which passed on October 9, 2001, and was agreed to by the Senate on November 9, 2001, authorized the Library of Congress to publish Asian and Pacific Islander Americans in Congress. The Library of Congress later transferred the project to the Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. The Office of the Historian ultimately became responsible for researching and writing the volume.

As with the latest editions of the books on women, African Americans, and Hispanic Americans in Congress, this volume features profiles of former Members, contextual essays that introduce the profiles chronologically and group them into generations, brief entries on current Members, and appendices. Each former Member profile consists of a section on the Member’s precongressional career, followed, where possible, by a detailed analysis of the subject’s first campaign for congressional office; subsequent re-election efforts; information about committee assignments, leadership, and major legislative initiatives; and a brief summary of the Member’s post-congressional career. Photographs of each Member are included.

Judy Chu at a Meeting of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus/tiles/non-collection/A/APA_intro_23_CAPAC_Chu_HousePhotography.xml Image courtesy of the U.S. House of Representatives Photography Office California Representative Judy Chu became chair of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus in 2011.
Bibliographic information is provided at the end of each profile, and, where applicable, the location of a Member’s manuscript collection is included at the end of their individual profiles. Manuscript information has been drawn from House and Senate records used to compile and maintain the online Biographical Directory of the United States Congress at http://bioguide.congress.gov. The editors have referenced Members’ major manuscript collections and other repositories with significant holdings, e.g., the transcript of an oral history or extended correspondence. This information is intended to be a resource for the general reader and a starting point for the scholarly researcher.

Additionally, contextual essays describing three successive generations of Members analyze social, political, and institutional developments affecting their participation in Congress. Appendices include tables on APA Members’ committee assignments, leadership positions, and familial connections in Congress.

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22H. Con. Res. 130, 107th Cong. (2001).