Ben Garrido Blaz Lapel Pin/tiles/non-collection/A/APA_intro_34_BlazButton_HC.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
Delegate Ben Garrido Blaz used the Chamorro slogan “Biba Guam,” which translates to “Long Live Guam,” on this campaign button.
The writing team wishes to extend a special thanks to the area experts in Asian-American studies, U.S.-Philippines relations, immigration, and Congress who commented on all or portions of the manuscript. The following individuals graciously shared their time and insights: Professor Michael Cullinane, Associate Director of the Center for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Roger Daniels, Charles Phelps Taft Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Cincinnati; Timothy S. Elliott, former Deputy Associate Solicitor for the Department of the Interior; Lorraine Tong of the Congressional Research Service; and Phil Wolgin, PhD, Managing Director for Immigration Policy at the Center for American Progress. Their suggestions and comments have greatly improved this volume, and any errors in the manuscript are the responsibility of the authors alone. We also thank our colleagues in the Senate Historical Office for reviewing the sections of the manuscript related to the APA Senators: Historian Betty Koed, Associate Historian Kate Scott, and Assistant Historian Dan Holt. For additional guidance on researching the Philippine Resident Commissioners, we thank Victoria Hill, the assistant chief (retired) of the Asian Division, Library of Congress. In addition, the staff of the Library of Congress’s Newspaper and Periodical Reading Room and the reference staff of the Congressional Research Service provided valuable assistance. 

The 442nd Regimental Combat Team/tiles/non-collection/A/APA_intro_35_442ndSalute_LC.xml Image courtesy of the Library of Congress The 442nd Regimental Combat Team, made up of Japanese Americans, salutes the U.S. flag during a review in June 1943.
We thank the supportive and collegial staff of the Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. As with earlier volumes in this series, Clerk Karen L. Haas and her staff provided instrumental support. The Office of Communications in the Office of the Clerk provided editorial support and designed and managed production of the print and digital versions of this publication. For their collaboration and enthusiasm, we especially thank Catherine Cooke, Communications Chief; January Layman-Wood, Deputy Communications Chief; Eric Christensen, Senior Content Developer; Ashlee Laubon, Senior Graphic Designer; Christine Gennetti, Senior Multimedia Developer; Phoebe Doan, Design and Multimedia Producer; Whitney Wyszynski, Content and Multimedia Producer; Lindsay Williams, Content and Multimedia Producer; Y. Michelle Haynes, Administrative Assistant; and Charlene Wiltsie, Editor. As usual, the courteous and professional staffs at the libraries of the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate provided timely research assistance.

Coat of Arms for the 100th Infantry Battalion/tiles/non-collection/A/APA_intro_36_100thCoatofArms_NARA.xml Image courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration The coat of arms for the 100th Infantry Battalion, formed primarily of Japanese Americans from Hawaii, incorporates Hawaiian emblems into its heraldry. The mahiole, or feather helmet, was a symbol of early chiefs, and the taro plant, on the upper right, played an important role in the Hawaiian creation story. The motto, “Remember Pearl Harbor,” memorializes the patriotism of the battalion even as Japanese-American citizens faced racism and internment.
We thank our colleagues in the Office of Art & Archives (OAA) in the Office of the Clerk for their help. OAA Chief and House Curator Farar Elliott and her staff helped with captions and credits related to artifacts from the House Collection. House Archivist and OAA Deputy Chief Robin Reeder and Archivists Heather Bourk and Alison Trulock provided information about manuscript collections and facilitated research visits to the National Archives. Photo Archivist Michelle Strizever acquired copies of rare images for this publication. Office Manager Selena Haskins performed all the administrative tasks necessary to keep the writers on track.

Finally, many semesters’ worth of enthusiastic and talented college and graduate interns in the Historian’s Office played a laborious but vital part finding primary source documents at the National Archives, as well as many microfilmed newspaper articles at the Library of Congress. We thank Caitlyn Borghi, Rebecca Czochor, Erica Fuller, Raymond Hyser III, Sean Krauss, Ayla Mangold, Aldo Ponterosso, Nick Shumate, Rosemary Townsend, Zack Wood, Doug Yang, and Samuel Winter.

Editors: Albin J. Kowalewski, Matthew Wasniewski

Lead writers: Kenneth Kato, Joshua Litten

Co-writers: Jacqueline Burns, V. Grace Ethier, Erin Marie-Lloyd Hromada, Michael Murphy, Laura Turner O’Hara, Terrance Rucker