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99th Congress (1985–1987)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 4 Delegates
  • 1 Resident Commissioner

Party Divisions:*

  • 254 Democrats
  • 181 Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

  • Election Statistics, 1984 [PDF]
Gavel of Speaker Thomas Philip (Tip) O'Neill, Jr./tiles/non-collection/O/ONeillGavel_2004_045_005.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, Gift of Elizabeth C. Udell in memory of her husband Gilman Grant Udell, Sr.
About this object
A five term Speaker of the House, Tip O'Neill of Massachusetts retired in 1987.

Congress Overview

Republicans retained the Senate and White House, and Democrats maintained their House majority despite Republican gains there in the 1984 election. Concentrating on the growing deficit, the 99th Congress (1985–1987) overhauled the tax code and passed Gramm—Rudman—Hollings, which would produce automatic across-the-board spending cuts if Congress failed to agree on deficit reduction. Congress also passed limited funding for the MX missile system and aid for the Nicaraguan contras.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 99th Congress [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr. (D–Massachusetts)
Majority Leader:
James C. Wright, Jr (D–Texas)
Minority Leader:
Robert H. Michel (R–Illinois)
Democratic Whip:
Thomas S. Foley (D–Washington)
Republican Whip:
Trent Lott (R–Mississippi)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Richard Gephardt (D–Missouri)
Republican Conference Chairman:
Jack Kemp (R–New York)
Clerk of the House:
Benjamin J. Guthrie
Sergeant at Arms:
Jack Russ
Chaplain of the House:
James D. Ford – Lutheran
James T. Molloy
Robert V. Rota
William Holmes Brown

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section

Legislative Activities

House Calendars
House Calendar [PDF]
House and Senate Days-In-Session Calendars (
Days-in-Session Calendars for the 99th Congress
Legislation of the 99th Congress (
Bill Summary & Status for the 99th Congress
Public Laws (
Public Laws 99th Congress
Résumés of Congressional Activity:
Résumés of Congressional Activity for the 99th Congress [PDF]