/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_oneill_2005_016_047.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this objectServing 17 Congresses, Thomas "Tip" O'Neill of Massachusetts spent eight in a leadership position.
Republicans maintained control of the Senate, and Democrats added to their House majority after the 1982 elections. The growing budget deficit stymied the 98th Congress (1983–1985). Budget legislation passed in one chamber could not to pass in the other. When a truck bomb destroyed the U.S. Marine barrack in Beruit, Lebanon killing more than 240 servicemen, Congress and the President sparred over the international peacekeeping mission there. Congress also refused to grant aid to Nicaraguan rebels. Russo–American relations soured further after the Soviets shot down Korean Airlines Flight 007. All passengers, including Georgia Representative Larry McDonald, were killed.
In the 98th Congress, scientific data were still being gathered regarding the effects of exposure to Agent Orange, an herbicide containing dioxin used as a defoliant during the Vietnam conflict. Nonetheless, …