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94th Congress (1975–1977)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 3 Delegates
  • 1 Resident Commissioner

Party Divisions:*

  • 291 Democrats
  • 144 Republicans

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

  • Election Statistics, 1974 [PDF]
Gavel of Speaker Carl Bert Albert/tiles/non-collection/A/AlbertGavel_2004_045_004.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives, Gift of Elizabeth C. Udell in memory of her husband Gilman Grant Udell, Sr.
About this object
Known as the "Little Giant," Carl Albert of Oklahoma held the gavel as Speaker for three terms.

Congress Overview

Democrats made huge electoral gains in the House and expanded their Senate majority following the 1974 elections in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal and President Richard Nixon’s resignation. The 94th Congress (1975–1977) passed a $22.8 billion tax cut in an effort to stimulate a depressed economy. Congress authorized President Gerald R. Ford, the former House Minority Leader, to deal with energy emergencies. Facing military defeat in the region, Congress refused the President’s request for additional funding for South Vietnam.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 94th Congress [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Carl B. Albert (D–Oklahoma)
Majority Leader:
Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. (D–Massachusetts)
Minority Leader:
John J. Rhodes (R–Arizona)
Democratic Whip:
John J. McFall (D–California)
Republican Whip:
Robert H. Michel (R–Illinois)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Philip Burton (D–California)
Republican Conference Chairman:
John B. Anderson (R–Illinois)
Clerk of the House:
W. Pat Jennings 1
Edmund L. Henshaw, Jr. 2
Sergeant at Arms:
Kenneth R. Harding
Chaplain of the House:
Edward G. Latch – Methodist
James T. Molloy
Robert V. Rota
William Holmes Brown

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section

Legislative Activities

House Calendar
House Calendar [PDF]
Legislation of the 94th Congress (
Bill Summary & Status for the 94th Congress
Résumés of Congressional Activity:
Résumés of Congressional Activity for the 94th Congress [PDF]


1Resigned on November 15, 1975. House Journal, 94th Cong., 1st sess., (November 17, 1975): H1790.

2Appointed acting Clerk on November 16, 1975, "to act as and to exercise temporarily" the duties of Clerk of the House. See, House Journal, 94th Cong., 1st sess., (November 17, 1975): H1790.