/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_rainey_2005_016_040.xmlCollection of the U.S. House of Representatives About this objectIllinois Representative Henry Rainey served less than a year as Speaker of the House before his death in 1934.
Democrats won the White House and the Senate, and added to their House majority after the landslide 1932 election. The 73rd Congress (1933–1935) passed an extraordinary burst of legislation to combat the immediate economic chaos of the Great Depression during President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s first 100 days in office. Congress regulated commercial banking, provided aid to farmers, and launched ambitious infrastructure projects. Other prominent agencies created during this period endure: the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the Federal Communications Commission. When the courts struck down an unprecedented amount of legislation, Congress responded with more.