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70th Congress (1927–1929)

Congressional Profile

Total Membership:

  • 435 Representatives
  • 2 Delegates
  • 3 Resident Commissioners

Party Divisions:*

  • 194 Democrats
  • 238 Republicans
  • 2 Farmer-Labor
  • 1 Socialist

*Party division totals are based on election day results.

  • Election Statistics, 1926 [PDF]
Nicholas Longworth/tiles/non-collection/s/speaker_longworth_2005_016_038.xml Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
A three term Speaker of the House, Nicholas Longworth of Ohio began his House career in 1903.

Congress Overview

Republican congressional majorities weakened after the 1926 elections. The 70th Congress (1927–1929) tackled a number of natural resources initiatives: flood control along the Mississippi River; a survey of national forest reserves; and a dam project along the Colorado River. President Calvin Coolidge again vetoed the McNary—Haugen farm-subsidy bill and later pocket vetoed a bill to complete a major government power facility at Muscle Shoals, Alabama, in the Tennessee Valley.

Member Information

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, (1774–2005), Official Annotated Membership Roster by State with Vacancy and Special Election Information for the 70th Congress. [PDF]
  • Learn more about the House of Representatives with an interactive map

Learn more about the People of the People's House

Leadership & Officers

Speaker of the House:
Nicholas Longworth (R–Ohio)
Majority Leader:
John Q. Tilson (R–Connecticut)
Minority Leader:
Finis J. Garrett (D–Tennessee )
Democratic Whip:
John McDuffie (D–Alabama) 1
William A. Oldfield (D–Arkansas) 2
Republican Whip:
Albert H. Vestal (R–Indiana)
Democratic Caucus Chairman:
Arthur H. Greenwood (D–Indiana)
Republican Conference Chairman:
Willis C. Hawley (R–Oregon)
Clerk of the House:
William Tyler Page
Sergeant at Arms:
Joseph G. Rogers
Chaplain of the House:
James Shera Montgomery – Methodist
Bert W. Kennedy
Frank W. Collier
Clerk at the Speaker's Table:
Lehr Fess 3
Lewis Deschler 4

To view complete lists of individuals who have served in these leadership and official positions since the 1st Congress, visit the People section


1Elected Sunday March 3, 1929.

2Died in office, November 19, 1928.

3Resigned February 1, 1927. See, Washington Post, February 1, 1927: 4.

4Appointed due to Fess' retirement. See, Washington Post, February 1, 1927: 4.